Like a magicians sleight of hand history looks at the
painted gray ware culture as the Aryan Invasion of India.
The facts are the BMAC was associated with the Iranian
Aryan Invasion of the Elamite nation prior to
the gray ware culture.
As James P. Mallory
It has become increasingly clear that if one wishes
to argue for Indo-Iranian migrations from the steppe
lands south into the historical seats of the Iranians
and Indo-Aryans that these steppe cultures were
transformed as they passed through a membrane
of Central Asian urbanism. The fact that typical
steppe wares are found on BMAC sites and that
intrusive BMAC material is subsequently found
further to the south in Iran, Afghanistan, Nepal,
India and Pakistan, may suggest then the
subsequent movement of Indo-Iranian-speakers
after they had adopted the culture of the BMAC.
BMAC 2300–1700 BC
Crested axes like those of the BMAC appeared at Shadad and other sites in eastern and Central Iran. A
cemetery at Mehrgarh VIII in Baluchistan, on the border between the Harappan and Elamite civilizations,
contained so many BMAC artfacts that it "Suggests" an actual movement of BMAC people into
Baluchistan. Mehrgarh (Balochi: Mehrgaŕh; Pashto: مهرګړ; Urdu: مہرگڑھ;), sometimes anglicized as
Mehergarh or Mehrgar, near the capital of the Kachi District Dadhar, is one of the most important Neolithic
(6500 BCE to c. 2500 BCE) sites in archaeology. Mehrgarh was prior to the Indus culture.
Although Mehrgarh predates BMAC the amount of interaction between two suggests they were
the same people that settled in the Indus valley around 6500, already having roots north they
occupied BMAC in the north for tin copper and Lapis.
Pururavas moved with Urvasi to Uttarakuru a land were the river Bhadra flows north to the northern ocean.
Pururavas conquered the seven continents. The Veda states the home land of the Aryan people was
Uttarakuru. The chariot making Sintashta culture (2100–1800BC), formerly included within the Andronovo
culture (2300-1000BC) with it's horizon including the Afanasevo culture (3500-2500BC).
The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) (3300–1300 BC), mature period (2600–1900 BC) extending from what
today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan to Deli in India.
The hundred year war
The hundred year war starts with both sides claiming decent from the moon. The first battle is Naram-sin
2300 BC.attacking the Indus Valley. At Mohenjo-daro the grain silo's are damaged and a
complete change in staple diet starts. The later writing about this time from Mesopotamia blame Naram-
sin for plundering those that had already payed tribute. This act brought the Gutian's down from the north,
Gutian equals "qutu" Qu being "standard" and in one insciption Qutu-Manu the Standard of Manu.
Pururavas moves north to Uttara-kuru. The Brahmanda Purana and Vayu Purana state that the Pururavas,
the ancestors of the Puru race once lived with Urvasi in Uttarakuru.
Radiocarbon dates for chariot graves in the sorthern Ural steppes
Lab number BP date Site, Kurgan, grave 68% confidence
Ki-657 3760 +/- 120 Sintashta Sm g28 2334-2014 B.C.
AA-9874b 3360 +/- 50 Krivoe Ozero k9;g1 2198-2097 B.C.
AA-9875a 3700 +/- 60 " " 2142-2013 B.C.
AA-9874a 3580+/- 50 " " 1977-1875 B.C.
AA-9875b 3525+/- 50 " " 1890-1759 B.C.
Ki-862 3360+/-70 Sintashta SM g5 1688-1591B.C.
Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC).[The Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex (or BMAC, also
known as the Oxus civilization) is the modern archaeological designation for a Bronze Age civilisation of Central
Asia, dated to ca. 2300–1700 BCE, located in present day northern Afghanistan, eastern Turkmenistan, southern
Uzbekistan and western Tajikistan, centered on the upper Amu Darya (Oxus River).
The inhabitants of the BMAC were sedentary people who practised irrigation farming of wheat and barley. With their
impressive material culture including monumental architecture, bronze tools, ceramics, and jewellery
of semiprecious stones, the complex exhibits many of the hallmarks of civilization. The complex can be compared to
proto-urban settlements in the Helmand basin at Mundigak in western Afghanistan and Shahr-i Shōkhta in eastern
Iran, or at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley.
Sealing and the Indus Valley
The discovery of a single tiny stone seal (known as the "Anau seal") with geometric markings from the BMAC site at
Anau in Turkmenistan in 2000 led some to claim that the Bactria-Margiana complex had also developed writing, and
thus may indeed be considered a literate civilization. It bears five markings strikingly similar to Chinese "small seal"
characters, but such characters date from the Qin reforms of roughly 100 AD, while the Anau seal is dated by
context to 2,300 BCE. It is therefore an unexplained anomaly. The only match to the Anau seal is a small jet seal of
almost identical shape from Niyä (near modern Minfeng) along the southern Silk Road in Xinjiang, assumed to be
from the Western Han dynasty.
An even more puzzling aspect of the discovery has been raised by specialists in ancient Chinese writing. They
contend that the inscription bears more than a passing resemblance to Chinese writing -- not an early script, but
one that was not used until about 200 B.C.
How could that be? The characters on the stone, thought to be a seal, would be hard enough to explain if the
writing was like the earliest known Chinese script. There is no clear evidence for Chinese writing before about 1300
or 1200 B.C. -- 1,000 years after people lived at the Anau site in Turkmenistan where the mysterious inscription was
unearthed. Another possibility, which would throw the scholarship of Chinese writing into turmoil, is that the 2300
inscription date is correct. That would suggest that influences from Central Asia or farther west might have
contributed to the invention of Chinese writing. Dr. Mair, who holds that such influences were greater
than previously thought, has raised this controversial point. ''The Anau seal forces us to rethink in a most radical
fashion the origins of the Chinese script,'' he said.
Cantonese Indus glyphs in boxs
Below Hittite and Indus
|Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta. Enmerkar is also known from a few other Sumerian legends, most notably Enmerkar
and the Lord of Aratta, where a previous confusion of the languages of mankind is mentioned. In this account, it is
Enmerkar himself who is called 'the son of Utu' (the Sumerian sun god). The name of the Indus Valley culture to the
Mesopotamians was Aratta, Enmerkar from the story above needed Lapis for the temple he wanted to build for the
goddess Inanna. Inanna lived in Dilium (Dilipa) the goddess lived or came from the Indus Valley so Lapis was used for
the traditional temple.