Gilgamesh had to pass through Mount Mashu to reach Dilmun in the Epic of
Gilgamesh, which is usually identified with the whole of the parallel Lebanon and Anti-
Lebanon ranges, with the narrow gap between these mountains constituting the tunnel.[8]
Others believe Mount Mashu was one of two ("twin") mountains that held up the sky at the
eastern and western extremities of the world. The Sumerian versions of the Gilgamesh
epic demonstrate that the earlier versions of the myth sited the Cedar Mountain to the
east, in the direction of the rising of Utu, the Sumerian sun god.[9]
In the Epic, overcome with the death of his friend Enkidu, the hero Gilgamesh sets out on a
series of journeys to search for his ancestor Utanapishtim (Manu) who lives at the mouth of
the rivers and has been given eternal life.

Dilmun is regarded as one of the oldest ancient civilizations in the Middle East.[10][11]
The Sumerians described Dilmun as a paradise garden in the Epic of Gilgamesh.[12] The
Sumerian tale of the garden paradise of Dilmun may have been an inspiration for the
Garden of Eden story.[12]
The word "Mashu" itself may translate as "two mountains", from the Babylonian for twins.
The "twins", in Semitic mythology, were also often seen as two mountains, one at the
eastern edge of the world (in the lower Zagros), the other at the western edge of the world
(in the Taurus), and one of these seem to have had an Iranian location. Mashu, today, is a
village in the Elburz mountains of Iran. Siduri, the Alewife, lived on the shore, associated
with "the Waters of Death" that Gilgamesh had to cross to reach Utnapishtim.

Gilgamesh is counseled by Manu and is told by him to go to Dilmun.  Ziusudra  "found long
life" or "life of long days") of Shuruppak (legend has Shuruppak as a bunch of
drunks 'sura') is listed in the WB-62 Sumerian king list recension as the last king of Sumer
prior to the deluge. He is subsequently recorded as the hero of the Sumerian flood epic.
He is also mentioned in other ancient literature, including The Death of Gilgamesh[1] and
The Poem of Early Rulers,[2] and a late version of The Instructions of Shuruppak[3] refers
to Ziusudra.[4] Akkadian Atrahasis ("extremely wise") and Utnapishtim ("he found life"), as
well as biblical Noah ("rest") are similar heroes of flood legends of the ancient Near East.

      Tvastar is mentioned in the Matanni treaty, Wikipedia says this establishes Tvastar as
a Proto-Indo-Iranian divinity,  if so then this Rathakara is son of Sukracarya of the Bhrgus
that created nadIvRt mfn. stream-obstructing (Vritra) RV. Tvastar creates Vritra
and creates the weapon that kills him. Tvastar creates Nabu that later became one of the
principal gods in Assyria and Assyrians. Nabu was the god of writing and scribes and was
the keeper of the Tablets of Destiny, in which the fate of humankind was recorded. He was
also sometimes worshiped as a fertility god and as a god of water. Naba-nedathsha
Scythian Iranian ,*Danu apara "river afar" and *Danu nazdya "river near", respectively. In
Vedic religion, Vritra is the first born creator of the universe. He is the visible form of
creativity emerged from the navel of the invisible Viswakarma[1] In Yajurveda purusha
Suktha and in the 10th mandala of the Rigveda his character and attributes are merged
with the concept of Hiranyagharbha/Prajapathy or Brahma . The term, also transliterated
as Tvastr, nominative Tvasta, is the heavenly builder, the maker of divine implements,
especially Indra's Vajra and the guardian of Soma. Tvastar is mentioned 65 times in the
Rgveda[2] and is the former of the bodies of men and animals,' and invoked when desiring
offspring, called garbha-pati or the lord of the womb.Tvastar is also referred to as
Rathakra or the chariot maker and sometimes as Taksa in Rgveda. Surprisingly he is also
inferred to as Indra's father.

  In Vedic mythology the Danavas (Danube Sumerian mother of Vitra) were a race
descending from Daksha in Hindu.The Danavas were the sons of Danu, who in turn was a
daughter of Daksha. Danu is connected with the waters of heavens and she is probably
associated with the formless, primordial waters that existed prior to the creation. The
name is connected with the PIE root *danu;any flowing liquid; and is associated with the
river Danube [ from Danapris and Danastius, are presumed from Scythian Iranian ;danu
apara river afar river; and *Danu nazdya- ;river near, respectively.. The Danavas revolted
against the Devtas under the leadership of Bali[1] and others, but were defeated.[2]
Danavas were classified as good and bad Danavas.  Danu meaning the Mother Goddess,
who was also, like Sarasvati in the Rig Veda, a river Goddess. The Celts called
themselves Tuatha De Danaan, while the Germans had a similar name. The Greek
ethnonym 'Danaan' is similarly related, see Mallory & Adams 2012:232
(Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture).

dAnavapUjita mfn. worshipped by the DñDanu ; m. regent of "'N. of Sukra Var.

The Bible has Ham being excluded because he did not cover his father Manu up when he
became drunk. Asura and Sura being those that accepted the daughter of Varuna Sura
(meda drunk) and those that did not. Here is a common mythology around Meda
it's origins become subjective as to what it means. The origins of the Vinca people I
believe were Sumerian as hundreds of Sumerian loan words in the Hungarian language
and the Danube river.
Name of Sukra , the planet Venus VarBr2S.
asuraguru m. `" teacher of the Asuras "' , the planet Venus (or Sukra) Ka1d.
Inanna was associated with the planet Venus, which at that time was regarded as two
stars, the "morning star" and the "evening star"This is the Mountain Musha as both
morning mountain and evening. There are hymns to Inanna as her astral manifestation. It
also is believed that in many myths about Inanna, including Inanna's Descent to the
Underworld and Inanna and Shukaletuda, her movements correspond with the movements
of Venus in the sky.
   Why do they let Inanna get raped?  
One story is Inanna and Enlil lived in Dilmun there Enlil rapes her and she gives birth
the the Moon.     In another rape story of Inanna the narrator first goes on to introduce the
reader to Shukaletuda(Sukra), a gardener who is terrible at his job and partially blind
(ekekSaNa m. `" one-eyed "'N. of S3ukra or Venus (the teacher of the Asuras) All of his
plants die, with the exception of one poplar tree. Shukaletuda rapes Inanna under the
poplar tree.

Why does Inanna destroy a mountain in Iran?
This myth depicts Inanna's confrontation with and ultimate destruction of Mount Ebih (Jebel
Makhul, near modern-day Shaikh Ibrahim, Iraq),[28] which has refused to recognize her
Why do they have to get resources from Aratta (Indus Valley)for Inanna's temple?
Inanna has a central role in the myth of Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta.[19] A major
theme in the narrative is the rivalry between the rulers of Aratta and Uruk for the heart of
Inanna. Ultimately, this rivalry results in natural resources coming to Uruk and the
of writing

Nabu (in Biblical Hebrew Nebo נבו) is the Assyrian and Babylonian god of wisdom and
writing, worshipped by Babylonians as the son of Marduk and his consort, Sarpanitum,
and as the grandson of Ea. Nabu's consort was Tashmetum.
sarpaRSi m. `" serpent-R2ishi "'N. of Arbuda AitBr.

Sarpanit (alternately Sarpanitu, Zarpanit, Zarpandit, Zerpanitum, Zerbanitu, or Zirbanit) is a
mother goddess and the consort of the chief god, Marduk. Her name means "the shining
one", and she is sometimes associated with the planet Venus.Assyrian called Enanna
Mulliltu Mula the original.
Manasa is the sister of Vasuki, king of Nāgas (snakes) and wife of sage Jagatkāru
(Jaratkāru).[1] She is also known as Vishahara (the destroyer of poison), Jagadgaurī,
Nityā (eternal) and Padmavati.Her myths emphasize her bad temper and unhappiness,
due to rejection by her father Shiva and her husband, and the hatred of her stepmotherShe
is often called "the one-eyed goddess", as one of her eyes was burnt by her stepmother
ekekSaNa m. `" one-eyed "'N. of S3ukra or Venus (the teacher of the Asuras)

Jagatkaru of the Bhrgu family from Varuna god of the ocean the Matsaya or Manu family.

The next line reads: After the flood swept over, kingship descended from heaven; the
kingship was in Kish. The city of Kish flourished in the Early Dynastic period soon after an
archaeologically attested river flood in Shuruppak (modern Tell Fara, Iraq) and various
other Sumerian cities. This flood has been radiocarbon dated to ca. 2900 BCE.[7]
Polychrome pottery from the Jemdet Nasr period (ca. 3000–2900 BCE) was discovered
immediately below the Shuruppak flood stratum,[8] and the Jemdet Nasr period
immediately preceded the Early Dynastic I period.[
   Enlil (Indra) the god of weather or storm god. According to the Sumerian's,
Enlil helped create the humans, but then got tired of their noise and tried to kill
them by sending a flood. A mortal known as Utnapishtim (Manu) survived the
flood through the help of another god, Ea (Vishnu), and he was made immortal
by Enlil after Enlil's initial fury had subsided. In the Sumerian religion, Ninlil (
indrANI)( DNIN.LÍL"lady of the open field" or "Lady of the Wind"), also called
Sud, in Assyrian called Mulliltu, is the consort goddess of Enlil.

In the Sumerian religion Enlil and Ninlil lived in Dilmun or Indra and indrANI his
wife  RV. AV. VS. TS. MBh. &c. lived in DilIpa m. (fr. %{dilI} = modern Delhi [cf.
%{Dilli}] + %{pa} protector?) N. of certain kings (esp. of an ancestor of Rama ,
son of
Ansumat and father of Bhagi-ratha) MBh. Hariv. &c.
asamaJja %{as} , or %{-Jjas} , %{As} m. N. of a descendant of Ikshvaku (a son
of Sagara by Kesini and father of
Ansumat) MBh. Hariv. &c.  
While Ninlil lived in Dilmun with her family, she conceived a boy, Nanna/Suen,
the future moon god.
jayanta is the name of a daughter of Indra L.m. the moon L.  ; of Rishabha's
wife (received from Indra) BhP. v , 4 , 8 MatsyaP. vl , 26

(otl)  Tilli ; Delhi, formerly the capital of the Moghuls and now the capital of India

(otl) TillipAccA ; the Moghul king

The cow with small freckles like sesamum

(mwd) ; tiladhenu ;   f. a sesamum cow (presented to Bra1hmans) MBh. xiii , 64
, 35 and 71 , 40 ; %{-dAna} n. `" presenting a %{tila-dhenu} "'N. of Lin3gaP. ii ,
33 and VarP. ic.

(otl)   tilatEn2u ;   a cow-like figure of sesame, made for purposes of gift

The 't' to 'd' is one of the most common mispronunciation of loan words and of
declination's within a language, it just is. The story of Dilipa as "heart broken"
because he had no children and starts the worship of Dhenu.
Here Dal to Dil to Til , Dala from pala to divide, daladhaka wild sesamum.

The word is used in the Agni Purana ; one gift is the TilAdri (hill of sessamun
orientale). The third gift Dasha Dhenu is the Tila Dhenu.

daladdhRdaya  mfn. broken-hearted W.
dalADhaka  m. Pistia Stratiotes , Jasminum multiflorum or pubescens ,
wild sesamum ,
(mwd)  dalmi  m. (Un2. iv , 47) Indra (cf. %{darma4}) L. ; Indra's thunderbolt g. %
{yavA7di} ; %{-mat} mfn. having a thunderbolt ib.
    In Sanskrit, a bull is called "vrisha", which has another connotation - that of
righteousness or
(otl) piLa-t
tal  1. to be split, cleaved, rent, cracked; 2. to be disunited; 3. to be
(otl) palakaRai  cowry
(otl) pAl  02 1. part, portion, share, section, fraction; 2. dividing, apportioning;  
(mwd) pAlana mf(%{I})n. guarding , nourishing (%{-nI@jananI} f. a foster-
mother) Ma1rkP. ; n. the act of guarding , protecting , nourishing , defending
Mn. MBh. &c. ; maintaining , keeping , observing MBh. Ka1v. &c. ;
the milk of
a cow that has recently calved L
. (%{-karman} n. superintendence S3ak. ; %
{-vRtti} f. a partic. manner of subsistence Baudh.)


(otl) Tilli ; Delhi, formerly the capital of the Moghuls and now the capital of India

(otl) TillipAccA ; the Moghul king

(otl) talai 01 1. head (head of state dillipa); 2. that which is first, best, highest;
(the first state)3. person of highest quality and rank; 4. leader; husband; 5.
origin, beginning, source, commencement; 6. top, apex; 7. end, tip;
finish, close; 9. resemblance; 10. sky, ethereal region; 11. unit, person, hand;
12. postage stamp, as bearing the figure of a king's head; 13. skull; 14. hair;
15. word used as a locative case-suffix; in addition to; with the force of

(otl) talaikkaTTu-tal 01 1. to succeed; to be accomplished (Dillipa); 2. to
perform the ceremony of putting on the turban at the end of the period of
mourning; 1. to accomplish, complete, finish; 2. to treat kindly; 3. to protect; 4.
to entrust

tiladhenu (f.) sesamumcow [ presented to Brahmans after ceremony ]

tiladhenudAna (n.)presentinga tiladhenu

The Agni Purana, (Sanskrit: अग्नि पुराण, Agni Purāṇa) one of the 18
Mahapuranas, a genre of Hindu religious texts, contains descriptions and
details of various incarnations (avatars) of Vishnu. It also has details account
about Rama, Krishna, Prithvi, and the stars. It has a number of verses dealing
with ritual worship, cosmology and astrology, history, warfare, sections on
grammar and meter, law, medicine, and martial arts. Tradition has it that it was
originally recited by Agni to the sage Vasishta. The Padma
Purana categorizes Agni Purana as a Tamas Purana (Purana of darkness or
Dilīpa in Hindu mythology is said to have been one of the most righteous and
chivalrous emperors that the Solar Dynasty or the Ikshvaku dynasty, had ever
produced. He was childless for a long time. In the matter of begetting an heir,
he took the advice of Vasishta. The sage divined his condition and told him
that, once on the way back to earth after fighting a war on the side of the gods,
Dilipa failed to notice the divine cow Kamadhenu on his way and passed
without paying his respects to her. Thereby he incurred the anger of the cow,
who cursed the king to go childless. To negate the ill-effects of the curse, the
king was advised to worship the divine cow Nandini who was the daughter of
Kamadhenu, and thereby to earn her goodwill.

(mwd)  tila ; m. Sesamum indicum (its blossom is compared to the nose Gi1t. x
, 14 Sin6ha7s. ; cf. %{-puSpa}) , sesamum seed (much used in cookery ;
supposed to have originated from Vishn2u's sweat-drops Hcat. i , 6 , 137 &
142) AV. (%{-la4} , xviii , 4 , 32) VS. S3Br. &c. ; a mole Ka1lid. ; a small
particle MBh. &c. ; the right lung S3a1rn3gS. v , 42 ; pl. N. of a ch. of PSarv. (cf.
%{kRSNa-} , %{carma-} , %{SaNDha-}).

(cap)  tila (tila) ; m. the sesamum plant or seed; mole or spot, small particle of
(otl)  tilakAlakarOkam ; a kind of small eruption in the penis
(otl)  tilakam ; tilka, a small circular mark on forehead; 2. that which is excellent,
eminent; any cherished object; 3. barbadoes pride
(mwd) tilAMza ; m. a piece (of land) as small as a sesamum-seed Ra1jat. i ,
(otl)  tilapintu ; small hole of the size of a gingili seed (TLS)
(mwd) tilazas; ind. in pieces as small as sesamum-seeds , Mbh. &c.
(cap) tilazas ; adv. in small (lit. sesamum-) pieces.
(otl) tilli ; 02 a very small plot of land
(mwd) tilAMza ;. a piece (of land) as small as a sesamum-seed Ra1jat. i , 38.
(otl) tilli ; 02 a very small plot of land

til below is after the fact.
til [COMPLETE] wr. til; til3 "(to be) complete(d); (to be) old, long-lasting; to
end" Akk. gamāru; labāru;qatû
til [LIVE] wr. til3 "to live; to sit (down); to dwell" Akk. ašābu; balāţu
til [POLE] wr. til "a pole, part of a wooden object"
mu [GROW] wr. mu2; mu2-mu2 "to grow"
The meaning for Til as to live dwell and so forth fits with the Tamil til that exists
as simply as Ti-ti where in Sumerian Til also exists as ti.
   In the Vedas, the drink and the plant Soma refer to the same entity. Drinking
Soma produces immortality (Amrita, Rigveda 8.48.3). Indra and Agni are
portrayed as consuming Soma in copious quantities. The consumption of
Soma by human beings is well attested in Vedic ritual. The juice so gathered is
filtered through
lamb's wool, and mixed with other ingredients (including cow
milk) before it is drunk.
   The Dilmun civilization is mentioned first in Sumerian cuneiform clay tablets
dated to the late third millennium BC, found in the temple of goddess Inanna, in
the city of Uruk. The adjective Dilmun is used to describe a type of axe and
one specific official; in addition there are lists of
rations of wool issued to
people connected with Dilmun
(The juice so gathered is filtered through lamb's

    The type of seal from Dilmun are the Persian Gulf types of circular, stamped
(rather than rolled) seals known from Dilmun, that appear at Lothal in Gujarat,
India, and Failaka. What the commerce consisted of is less known: timber and
precious woods,
ivory, lapis lazuli, gold, and luxury goods such as carnelian
and glazed stone beads, pearls from the Persian Gulf, shell and bone inlays,
were among the goods sent to Mesopotamia in exchange for silver, tin, woolen
textiles, olive oil and grains.
      If we use a scientific method for the location of Dilmun we would use those
weights and measures used in Mesopotamia for trade with Dilmun. The
importance of this trade is shown by the fact that the weights and measures
used at Dilmun were in fact identical to those used by the Indus, and were not
those used in Southern Mesopotamia.
Gilgamesh travels
east to Dilmun India
not west to Lebanon
and Failaka is south
striate down the
coast with no Cedar
Forest or mountain,
a forest of ten
thousand leagues