Prof. TP Verma
"Indra undertook the job and systematically analysed and standardized it. The help of VÃyu in the process clearly
indicates that the language was phonetically analysed. In this process, first the spoken phrases might have been analysed
into words then these words would have broken into smallest units which were called aksarasâ (i.e. non-destructible) or,
phonetically further division of which is not possible. These, later on, were given the
name varÃna (the coloured ones) when the process of writing with ink came into vogue. The whole alphabet was
collectively called Aksara SamÃmnÃya and Varà SamÃmnÃya (or, VarÃamÃlÃ). The initial varÃa was âa. The
TaittirÃya PrÃtiÃÃkhya defines âvarÃaâ as â. That describe and pronounced are varÃa beginning from âaâ. Thus the
concept of varÃamÃlÃ, with vowels and consonants came into existence where every
consonant was supplied with the initial vowel âaâ because a âvarÃaâ could not be uttered without the help of a vowel;
and was the initial vowel, other varÃas are its extension or vikriti. This is the most scientific arrangement that has come
to us without much modification since millennia. The vedÃGga called â˜ÃikÃà and PrÃtiçÃkhyas are devoted to the
phonetic analysis where the place of the origin of each individual âaksaraâ in the mouth was determined. It is to be noted
that in the process of speech the tongue played vital role" .aksarasâ non-destructible.