This page looks at the relationship between the
new copper tablets found in Pakistan, first
published in 08 Oct. 2014 and the  Kabul
manuscript July 31, 2009 (to the right). The first
top line match's the indigenous Indus Valley
writing tradition that goes back 5000 years.
Below; A group of nine Indus Valley copper plates (c. 2600–2000 BC),
discovered from private collections in Pakistan, appear to be of an
important type not previously described. The plates are significantly
larger and more robust than those comprising the corpus of known
copper plates or tablets, and most significantly differ in being inscribed
with mirrored characters. One of the plates bears 34 characters, which
is the longest known single Indus script inscription. Examination of the
plates with x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrophotometry indicates metal
compositions, including arsenical copper, consistent with Indus Valley
technology. Microscopy of the metal surface and internal structure
reveals detail such as pitting, microcrystalline structure, and corrosion,
consistent with ancient cast copper artifacts. Given the relative fineness
of the engraving, it is hypothesised that the copper plates were not
used as seals, but have characteristics consistent with use in copper
plate printing. As such, it is possible that these copper plates are by far
the earliest known printing devices, being at least 4000 years old.
The picture above shows a many
layered text, glued on the ends to
preserve the manuscript.  This
manuscript betrays a prior
knowledge that could not have
been forged. Below I used only
the apparent visual relationship
without putting a phonetic value
on the glyphs.
Nine Indus Valley copper plates
This page has the nine new copper
tables, two short swords, one
copper rhinoceros, one copper
unicorn, one copper tablet of a
lion? From Mohenjo-daro (middle
tablet blue lines) six tablets below  
two associated tin Ingot's with the
"X" sign with top (in yellow to the
left) and found on one of the nine
copper tablet middle "word".
        Unicorn   Rhinoceros   Zebu
Mohenjo-daro    75%            2%            4 %

Harappa            75%             1%            4%

Kalibangan        63%             3%            3%
S. Kalyanaraman
the Venn diagram
Sensitivity of
Indus Script to
Site and Type
of Object*
Nasha Yadav
Venn diagram
The Venn diagram below is
the most frequent texts but
is exclusive to Harappa,
while Mohenjo-dari has way
more texts than Harappa
but not the frequency of the
Venn diagram. It is curious
that Mohenjo-dari has an
absence of three glyphs
from the Venn diagram, 95
the four lines, 328 and 176.