I agree with the below generalization of Shiva being Rishabha , just as Rishabha proceeds Mahaveer, Mallinatha (the original Buddha or mercury) proceeds
Mahaveer.


By Mr. Bal Patil

Like Buddha who founded Buddhism, Mahaveer was not the Arch-founder of Jainism. According to the Jaina Scriptural Tradition, there have been twenty three
tirthankars before Mahaveer who propounded Jainism from time to time. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan says that "The Bhagvata Purana endorses the view that Rishabha
was the founder of Jainism. There is evidence to show that so far back as the first century B. C. there was people who were worshipped Rishabhadeva, the first
tirthankara. There is no doubt that Jainism prevailed even before Vardhamana Mahaveer or Parsvanatha. the Yajurveda mentions the names of three
tirthankaras -Rishabha, Adinatha, and Arishtamemi." The idea of Rishabha tirtankaras being an epoch-making man is found deep rooted in the Jaina Scriptures.
He was the son of fourteen Kalukara or manu, known as Nabhi. He is also known as Adinatha. Rishabha inaugurated the Karmabhoomi and pioneered human
civilisation and culture. Rishabha was the first preacher of the ahimsa dharma, the first tirthankara or ford- maker to moksha according to Jaina path of
purification and liberation. He attained Nirvana on the summit of Mount Kailasa in Tibet. The point to be noted is that there is a consistent tradition found in the
Jaina religious literature and also in Hindu puranas from earliest times in invoking Rishabha Deva as Rudra or Shiva. The following stanza in Shiva Puranas
brings out clearly this association meaning : Rishabhadeva,Jaineshwara, the emniscient and the all pervasive incarnated himself on the magnificent Kailasa,
Asthapada mountain.

It is the definite opinion of Sir John Marshall that the Vedic Aryans adopted Shiva worship (Shiva Pashupati-Rudra ) from Indus Valley culture. It is significant as
suggested by various scholar that the nude standing images in the Indus Valley in a typical Jaina ascetic yogic pose - Kayotsarga -abandonment of the body in
meditation - beat a striking resemblance to the oldest Jaina Sculpture and further that there is a link between the Indus bull -seals and the bull insignia,
lanchhana of Rishabha. From the Vedic times to the present Rudra or Shiva and Rishabha have been considered usually as alternative names or designations
which are : Digambara, Digvasa, Tapomaya, Charukesha, Shanta, Akshobhya, Ahimsa, Jnani, Kapardi, Jati. These are such attributes as become perfectly
applicable in their meaning to Rishabha Tirthankara. His nudity, matted hair is well-known. The characteristic mark of Shankara is found in Jaina creations and
images known as Triratna, which is found clearly marked in the cave of Saratakharavela at Udaigiri in Orissa. It is found marked on the palms of the ancient
images of Rishabha and other Tirthankaras.

The arch - form of this mark is found in the form of tri-horn on the Indus Valley seal images. It should not be surprising if the same mark evolved later as a phase
of moon, Om ,svastika and the cross of Christianity as well as the moon and star of Islam, as noted by the eminent Jaina scholar Dr. Hiralal Jain. The disciples of
Shiva are collectively called Gana, whose leader is called Ganapati and Ganesh. The group of munis established by Rishabha is also called Gana and its
leader, his chief disciple, is called Ganandhara. The tradition of Gana and Ganadhara is found unbroken till the last tirthankara Mahaveer. Rishabha occupies a
very important place in the Shiva sect. In Linga Purana he is described as a king revered all the kshatriyas and in Vayu Purana he is described as the ancestor
of all the Kshatriyas Kings - Sarva - kshatrasya purvajah. Such parallels and spiritual affinities since prehistoric times between Rishabha and Shiva show
unmistakably that new Jainism and its first propounder have been the precursor of the later Shiva doctrine.

The most notable example of the fusion and synthesis of not only the Jaina, Shiva, but also the Brahmanic, vedic, Buddhist and other Indian philosophies is
found in the great Himalayan centre of pilgrimage,
Badrinatha or Badri Vishala. In the Badri Vishala temple in the daily worship the following stotra is recited :
"One who is ordered as Shiva by the Shivas, as Brahma by the Vedatins, as Buddha by the Buddhists, as the cause by the Naiyayikas, Arahan by the Jainas,
Karma by the Mimansakas, such god of the three worlds may grant as our longed for fruits. This illustrates how the Badrinath embodies the true secular
synthesis of the India.


Here Mahaveer takes the atributes of Indus Valley Shiva.

Henceforth the Venerable Ascetic Mahavira was houseless, circumspect in his walking, circumspect in his speaking, circumspect in his begging, circumspect in
his accepting (anything), in the carrying of his outfit and drinking vessel; circumspect in evacuating excrements, urine, saliva, mucus, and uncleanliness of the
body; circumspect in his thoughts, circumspect in his words, circumspect in his acts; guarding his thoughts, guarding his words, guarding his acts, guarding his
senses, guarding his chastity; without wrath, without pride, without deceit, without greed; calm, tranquil, composed, liberated, free from temptations, without
egoism, without property; he had cut off all earthly ties, and was not stained by any worldliness: as water does not adhere to a copper vessel, or collyrium to
mother of pearl (so sins found no place in him); his course was unobstructed like that of Life; like the firmament he wanted no support; like the wind he knew no
obstacles; his heart was pure like the water (of rivers or tanks) in
autumn; nothing could soil him like the leaf of a lotus; his senses were well protected like
those of a
tortoise; he was single and alone like the horn of a rhinoceros; he was free like a bird; he was always waking like the fabulous bird Bharundal,
valorous like an elephant, strong like a
bull, difficult to attack like a lion, steady and firm like Mount Mandara, deep like the ocean, mild like the moon, refulgent
like the sun, pure like excellent gold'; like the earth he patiently bore everything; like a well-kindled fire he shone in his splendour.

In contrast to this circle (samsara) of rebirth and delusion is the concept of a straight path, constituted by correct faith (ahavanaya) understanding knowledge
(dakshina) and conduct (garhapatya), and visually symbolized by the three dots above the running cross of swastika, which leads the individual out of the
transient imperfect world to a permanent perfect state of enlightenment and perfection. This perfect state of liberation is symbolized by the crescent and dot at
the top of the svastika.
In short, the Jain emblem represents many important concepts
to show the path to enlightenment by following the basic
principles of ahimsa, the Ratnatraya (three dots above the
svasitaka) and Parasparopagraho Jivanam.

Paras-paro-pa-graho Jivanam
paras        ind. beyond , further , off , away ; in future , afterwards ; (as prep. with acc.) on the other side of , beyond ,
paropa        m. assisting others , benevolence , charity Ka1v. . wholly devoted to the service of others
graho          grasp , lay hold of (e.g. %{pakSaM} , to take a side , adopt a party Prab. ;
simalir to Bhakti
bhakti        f. distribution , partition , separation RV. Ta1n2d2Br. &c. (cf. %{kSetra-} , %{bhaGgI-bh-}) ; a division , portion , share AitBr. ;attachment , devotion ,
fondness for , devotion to (with loc. , gen. or ifc.) , trust , homage , worship , piety , faith or love or devotion (as a religious principle or means of salvation ,
together with %{karman} , `" works "' , and %{jJAna} , `" spiritual knowledge "' ; cf. IW. 326 RTL. 97) S3vetUp. Bhag. Ka1v. Pur. &c. ; (ifc.) assumption of the form
of Megh. 61 ; often w.r. for %{bhaGgi} or %{bhukti} ; (%{-tyA}) ind. not in the regular sense , figuratively S3am2k.
50        bhaktibhAj        mfn. possessing true devotion , firmly attached or devoted to (loc. or comp.) Pan5cat. S3atr.


1        paras        ind. beyond , further , off , away ; in future , afterwards ; (as prep. with acc.) on the other side of , beyond , higher or more than ; (with instr.) id.
(also %{para4@enA4} or %{enA4@para4H}) ; without ; (with abl.) beyond , on the other side of (also %{enA4@para4H}) ; exclusive of , except , without ; (with
loc.) over , more than (only %{triMza4ti@tra4yas@para4H} , three more than thirty i.e. 33) RV. VS. AV. S3Br. ; (often in comp. with numerals to express a surplus
or superiority ; cf. prec. and under %{paraH}).
2        parAs        (%{parA} +2. %{as}) P. %{parA7syati} (impf. %{parA7syat} ; pf. %{parA7sa}) , to throw away or down , cast aside , expose (as a new-born child)
, abandon , reject , leave RV. &c. &c.
paropakAra        m. assisting others , benevolence , charity Ka1v. ; %{-rai9karasa} mfn. wholly devoted to the service of others ; (%{A}) f. a wife wholly devoted
to her husband MW. ; %{-dharma-kSAnti} f. Dharmas. 107.
10        paropakaraNa        n. = %{-kAra} Ca1n2. ; %{-NI-kR} , to make one's self an instrument of others Hit.
11        paropakArin        mfn. assisting others , beneficent , charitable merciful Katha1s. (%{-ri-tva} n. Bhartr2.) ; m. N. of a king Katha1s.
parokSa        (%{-ro4-}) mf(%{A})n. beyond the range of sight , invisible , absent , unknown , unintelligible AV. &c. &c. ; past , completed (in a partic. sense cf.
below and Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 3-2 , 115) ; (ibc.) in an invisible or imperceptible manner (cf. below) ; (%{am}) ind. out of sight , behind one's back , in the absence
or without the knowledge of (instr. ; later gen. or comp.) S3Br. &c. &c. ; (%{eNa}) ind. out of sight , secretly , mysteriously Br. Up. ; (%{At}) ind. secretly , without
the knowledge of (instr.) Br. [589,2] ; (%{e}) ind. behind the back of (gen.) Mr2icch. Pan5c. &c. ; one's self not being present Pa1n2. 3-2 , 115 ; m. an ascetic L. ;
paro        in comp. for %{-ras}.
2        parobAhu        mfn. beyond the arm or reach S3Br.
3        parocya        mfn. to be contradicted TS.
garh  %{gRhate} [RV. v , 32 , 12) or %{gRhe} [MaitrS. i , 9 , 5] or %{gRhaye} [Ka1t2h. ix , 13 ; cf. %{gRhaya}] ; Subj. 1. pl. %{gRhAmahi} RV. viii , 2 , 16 ; Pot. %
{gRhIta} MaitrS. ii , 5 , 2) to seize , take (by the hand , %{pANau} or %{kare} , exceptionally %{pANim} (double acc.) RV. i , 125 , 1 Sa1y. ; cf. Vop. v , 6) , grasp ,
lay hold of (e.g. %{pakSaM} , to take a side , adopt a party Prab. ; %{pANim} , `" to take by the hand in the marriage ceremony "' , marry AV. xiv , 1 , 48 ff. Gobh.
ii , 1 , 11 MBh. &c.) RV. &c. ; to arrest , stop RV. ix , 78 , 1 Katha1s. iv , 32 ; to catch , take captive , take prisoner , capture , imprison RV. &c. ;
agnitraya        n. or the three sacred fires , called respectively Ga1rhapatya , A1havani1ya , and Dakshin2a.
agnitretA        [Mn. MBh.] f. the three sacred fires , called respectively Ga1rhapatya , A1havani1ya , and Dakshin2a.

AhavanIya        mfn. to be offered as an oblation ; (%{AhavanI4ya}) m. (scil. %{agni}) consecrated fire taken from the householder's perpetual fire and prepared
for receiving oblations ; especially the
eastern of the three fires burning at a sacrifice AV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vS3r. ChUp. &c.
samyakcAritra        n. (with Jainas) rñright conduct (see %{ratna-traya}).
samyaksraddhAna        n. (with Jainas) rñright belief. Sarvad.
AhavanIya    is faith in the right path of forest life even if you do not partake.
m-ahAvana  
      n. a great forest MBh. R. ;
ghRt-
Ahavana        mfn. id. (Agni) , i , 12 , 5 and 45 , 5 ; viii , 74 , 5.

gArhapatya        mfn. with %{agnI} , or m. (Pa1n2. 4-4 , 90) the householder's fire (received from his father and transmitted to his descendants , one of the
three sacred fires , being that from which sacrificial fires are lighted RTL. 364) AV. VS. S3Br. &c. ;

pradakSiNAvarta        mfn. turned towards the rñreverential MBh. R. Var. ; %{-nAbhitA} f. having a navel which turns to the rñreverential Dharmas. 84 , 40 (cf.
%{-Na-gAmitA}) ; %{
-zikha} mfn. = %{-Na4rcis} MBh. ; %{-tai9ka-romatA} f. having single hairs on the body and all turning to the rñreverential Dharmas. 83.





The three dots on the top under the semi-circle symbolize the Ratnatraya – right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct. Every creature in this world can
become free from the cycle of life and death. This gives the message that it is necessary to have the Ratnatraya in order to attain
moksha.

In the top portion, the swastika symbol is present.

The symbol of hand in the lower portion shows fearlessness and symbolizes the feeling of ahimsa towards all the creatures in this world. The circle in the middle
of the hand symbolizes saṃsāra and the 24 spokes represent the preachings from the 24 Tirthankaras, which can be used to liberate a soul from the cycle of
reincarnation.

The meaning of the mantra at the bottom, Parasparopagraho Jivanam, is "All life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence."

In short, the Jain emblem represents many important concepts to show the path to enlightenment by following the basic principles of ahimsa, the Ratnatraya and
Parasparopagraho Jivanam.


The Rig Veda and Yajur Veda,  
mention Rishabhadeva and
Aristanemi.  Neminatha was
Aristanemi.  The Rig Veda and Yajur
Veda are prior to Krishna. The Jain
tradition refers to Rishabhadeva as
Maha-Vratya, to suggest he was the
great leader of the Vratyas.Yet
according to the Jain tradition
Rishabhadeva is the first Tirthankara
of the present age (avasarpini); and,
Aristanemi is the twenty-second
Tirthankara.  According to Atharva
Veda, Vratya is a srotriya, a student of
the scriptures, (of at least one
recession), and a learned person
faithful to his vows (vratas). In
summary, the passages ask:

Here the vratya in the Atharva Veda is from a post movement or turning of the wheel of time of Jainism that started with King (below)
Rishabhadeva it does not say student but vow and vratya or vow and homeless person.



” Let the king , to whose house the
Vratya who possesses such knowledge
comes as a guest , honor him as
superior to himself, disregarding his
princely rank or his kingdom.

Let him, to whose house the Vratya
possessing such knowledge comes as
a guest, rise up of his own accord to
meet him, and say “Vratya, where didst
thou pass the night? Vratya, here is
water; let it refresh thee .Vratya let it
be as thou pleasest. Vratya, as thy
wish is so let be it done.”

[From Hymns of the Atharva Veda, by
Ralph T.H. Griffith…Hymn x and xi of
Book 15]
http://www.sacred-texts.
com/hin/av/av15011.htm
saMsAra        m. going or wandering through , undergoing
transmigration MaitrUp. ; course , passage , passing
through a succession of states , circuit of mundane
existence , transmigration , metempsychosis , the world ,
secular life , worldly illusion (%{A@saMsArAt} , `" from the
beginning of the world "')
saMsaraNa        n. going about , walking or wandering through
MBh. ; passing through a succession of states , birth and
rebirth of living beings , the world BhP. Sarvad. ;
the
unobstructed march of an army L. ; the commencement of war
or battle L. ;

saraNa        mfn. (for %{saraNa} see p. 1182 , col. 1)
connected with war or conflict Lalit.
samparAyaka        m. hostile encounter , war , battle L.
sAmparAyika        mf(%{A} or %{I})n. (g. %{saMtApA7di}) relating to the future or to the passage into
another world , future (with %{phala} n. reward in the nexf world "' ; %{-kaM-kR} , to prepare for death
"' or `" to perform funeral ceremonies for [gen.] "') Mn. MBh. &c.
; relating to or prepared for battle ,
martial , warlike ib.
; salutary or helpful in time of need MBh. Hariv. R. ; m. (with or scil. %{ratha}) a
war-chariot L. ; (%{am}) n. war , battle L.
samprahAra        m. mutual striking or wounding , war , battle , fighting
sAra        1 (fr. %{sR}) m. course , motion (see
%{pUrva-s-}) ; stretching out , extension Ka1lac. ;
mfn
. driving away , destroying Ba1lar. ii , 60/61
zikhin        mfn. having a tuft or lock of hair on the top of the head
Gaut. MBh. &c. ; one who has reached the summit of knowledge
BrahmUp.
; proud MW. ; m. a peacock RPra1t. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c. ; a
cock L. ; Ardea Nivea (a kind of heron or crane) L. ; a bull L. ; a horse L.
; `" having flame "' , fire or the firegod Gr2ihya1s. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
;
the number `" three "' (from the three sacred fires) VarBr2S. ;
a
lamp L. ; a comet VarBr2S. ; N. of Ketu (the personified descending
node) VP. ;
a mountain L. ;
zazin m. `" containing a hare "' , the moon S3vetUp.
MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; N. of the number one VarBr2S. ;;
(%{inI}) f. N. of the
8th Kala1 of the moon Cat.  
zazikalA f. a digit of the mñmoon ,   "'N. of S3iva MW.
In short, the Jain emblem represents many important concepts
to show the path to enlightenment by following the basic
principles of ahimsa, the Ratnatraya (three dots above the
svasitaka) and Parasparopagraho Jivanam.

Paras-paro-pa-graho Jivanam
Purva name of the
most ancient of
Jaina writings of
Rshabha the first.
purva-Agga
agnidiz        f. Agni's
quarter , the
south-east
Purva name of the
most ancient of
Jaina writings of
Rshabha the first.
Puro-agni
tri-kanda
purva first books  
The Purvas
becomes a sword
horn in hand.
The Shrivatsa (Sanskrit श्रीवत्स śrīvatsa) is
an ancient symbol, considered auspicious
in India
In Jainism, it often marks the chest of the
Tirthankara image.[4] It is one of the
ashtamangala (auspicious symbol)
ashtam-angala
Purva-Agga
purva-Agga the book
The first animal
is the unicorn
Pazu as
Pazupata name
of Siva.
This link goes to Mary
Settegast's observations
that relates to the 16 glyph
seal to the right.
link to
main
page
The fish and goat being Capricorn and
Aries  the timing 2320BCE prior to that
time Aries the fish was the winter
solstice.
The most notable example of the fusion and synthesis of not
only the Jaina, Shiva, but also the Brahmanic, vedic, Buddhist
and other Indian philosophies is
found in the great Himalayan centre of pilgrimage,
Badrinatha or Badri Vishala. In the Badri Vishala temple in
the daily worship the following stotra is recited :
"One who is ordered as Shiva by the Shivas, as Brahma by
the Vedatins, as Buddha by the Buddhists, as the cause by
the Naiyayikas,
Arahan by the Jainas,
Karma by the Mimansakas, such god of the three worlds may
grant as our longed for fruits. This illustrates how the
Badrinath embodies the true secular
synthesis of the India.
The names of the kings of the Mitanni state were of Indo-Aryan origin, and a number of Indo-Aryan gods (Mitra, Varuza, Indra, Nāsatya) are
mentioned in the Mitanni texts, alongside the indigenous gods (cf. Burrow 1973:27—30). The Hittite archives of Àattušašhave revealed the oldest
known horse-training manual. This work, written ca. 1345 BCE by a Mitanni horse-trainer named  Kikkuli 4, contains 1080 lines on four tablets. It
begins with the words: ‘Thus speaks Kikkuli, master horse-trainer of the land of Mitanni’. Several Indo-Aryantechnical terms for horse training are
mentioned in this manual: aikawartanna‘one turn (of the course)’ (cf. Sanskrit
eka-vartana-), terawartanna ‘three turns’ (cf. Sanskrittri-)  
panza
wartanna ‘five turns’ (cf. Sanskrit pañca-),sattawartanna ‘seven turns’ (cf. Sanskrit sapta-), and nawartanna (for *nawa-wartanna) ‘nine
turns’ (cf. Sanskrit nava-).

Mitanni  1500–1300 BCE;  The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC)  (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE)
3300-1300=2000 years of occupation not counting the Mehrgarh, (7000–5500 BCE), on the Kachi Plain of Balochistan, is an important Neolithic site
discovered in 1974, with early evidence of farming and herding, and dentistry. The Matanni kingdom and related loan words suggests their success
was do to the horses relationship to war.

ekAvarta        mfn. forming one whirl Va1gbh.
nandyA
varta        m. a kind of diagram MBh. Var. (cf. %{-ndikA7v-}) ;
Nandyavarta shown below on an Indus artafact.
daksehiNAvarta        mfn. turning (from the left) to the right (a conch-shell Sa1h. ; %{kuNDala} BhP. v , 23 , 5 ; a fruit Bhpr. v , 1 , 139. ; a woman's
navel Subh.) ; moving in the southern course (the sun) MBh. vi , 5671 ; m. a conch-shell opening to the right DivyA7v. viii ,
rAjA
varta        m.  Lapis Lazuli Ba1lar.
ratha
vartman        n. a chñchariots-road , highway R. Ragh.
saM
varta        m. meeting , encountering (an enemy) MBh. ; rolling up , destruction , (esp.) the periodical destruction or dissolution of the world MBh.
R. BhP.
saMsArAvarta        m. N. of wk.
saMsAravartman        n. = %{-mArga} Subh.
apunarA
vartana        n. or final exemption from life or transmigration Jain. Up.
ardhacakra
vartin        or m. half a %{cakravartin} "'N. of the nine black Va1sudevas (of the Jainas) L.
cakra
vartin        mfn. rolling everywhere without obstruction Katha1s. cvii , 133 ; m. a ruler the wheels of whose chariot roll everywhere without
obstruction , emperor , sovereign of the world , ruler of a Cakra (or country described as extending from sea to sea ; 12 princes beginning with
Bharata are esp. considered as Cakravartins) MaitrUp. MBh. Buddh. Jain.
pra
vartin (%{I}) f. N. of a Jaina nun HParis3.
pUrvavartin        mfn. existing before , preceding , prior , previous ;
A Nandavarta, one of the Jain
ashtamangala in the Svetambara
tradition. The Indus valley seal
below with an exact Nandavarta a
svastika in a square.
Grih-asta
Vana-asta
Samya-asin
Grih-asta
Vana-asta
Samya-asin
Agni's mount or
vehicle is the
Ram to the right
tri-kanda and
Agnitraya

Grih-asta
Vana-asta
Samya-asin
The artifacts in
squares to the right
are copper tablets
from Mohenjo-daro
I believe they were
learning tools for
the Indus script.
The spring equinox in
Taurus is the Age of
Taurus: 4320 TO 2160
BC. The Indus Valley
Civilisation (IVC)  (3300–
1300 BCE; mature
period 2600–1900 BCE)
What looks like
goats eating from
the pyramid for
Purva the east, the
first Agga that in the
beginning  was
spoken and recited
in two forms then
combined.
Aplavavratin        m. one whose
duty is to perform the
Sama1
vartana ablution (on
returning home after completing his
studies) , an initiated householder L.

Vartana and Vratin the vow is
associated with turning or going in
all directions, returning.
From
vRt        1 cl. 1. A1. (Dha1tup. xviii ,
19) %
{va4rtate} (rarely %{-ti} ; in
Veda also %{vavartti} and [once in
RV.] %{vartti} ; Subj. %{vava4rtat} ,
%{va
vartati} , %{vavRtat} ;,
%{varI8vRtIti} , %{varvRtIti} ,
%{varIvRtyate}) , to turn , roll ,
revolve , be , exist , prevail RV.
S3Br. Ka1v. [Cf. Lat. {vertere} ; Slav.
{vru8te8ti} , {vratiti} ; Lith.
{varty4ti} ; Goth. {wai4rthan} ; Germ.
{werden} ; Eng. {-ward}.]
Eng. wander
vratAdeza        m. direction for
undertaking a Vrata , imposition of a
vow &c. (esp. that of a
Brahma-ca1rin) R. Ya1jn5. ;
investiture with the sacred cord MW.
deza and dig-ambhara
Sumerian
Dingir
*, usually transliterated DIĜIR[1] Sumerian
pronunciation: [diŋir]) is a Sumerian word for "god."
Its cuneiform sign is most commonly employed as
the determinative for religious names and related
concepts, in which case it is not pronounced and is
conventionally transliterated as a superscript "D" as
in e.g. DInanna.

The cuneiform sign by itself was originally an
ideogram for the Sumerian word an ("sky" or
"heaven");[2] its use was then extended to a
logogram for the word diĝir ("god" or goddess)[3]
Sanskrit
diz   
 *    2 f. quarter or region
pointed at , direction , cardinal point
RV. AV. S3Br. &c. (four in number ,
viz. %{prAcI} , east ; %{dakSiNA} ,
south ; %{pratici} , west ; and
%{udIcI} , north AV. xv , 2 , 1
A1s3vGr2. iv , 8 &c. ; Sometimes a
5th , %{dhruvA} AV. iii , 9 , 15 S3Br.
ix , 4 , 3 , 10 ;
Below the Sanskrit diz * for cardinal
points of the direction this word
became the Sumerain word for sky and
God the Sanskrit word diz-ambara or
dig-ambara the sky is your clothing.
saMsAra-sAra        m. the
quintessence of (the joys of) the world
Dhu1rtas.
samyakcAritra        n. (with Jainas)
rñright conduct (see %{ratna-traya}).
581        samyaksraddhAna        n.
(with Jainas) rñright belief. Sarvad.
astipravAda        m.
N. of the fourth of the
fourteen
Pu1rvas or
older writings of the
Jainas.
jJAna-pravAda        
m. `" lecture on
knowledge "'N. of one
of the 14
Pu1rvas (or
lost Jaina canon).
The copper tablet of the
rabbit is a Matris having to
do with writing.
This is the story of a rabbit
as a bad sacrifice a king with
the name for sugar-cane.
And the legend of how silly
it is for a rabbit to have
horns. The meaning behind
the matris is to not let the
sun go down while you still
haven't reached moksa? a
vow.
zazo-lUkta-mukhI  
      f. N. of
one of the Ma1tr2is attending
on Skanda MBh.

zazimukha        mfn. moon-
faced ; (%{I}) f. a moon-faced
woman Ka1v.
apam-lukta        mfn. ( %
{mluc}) , retired , hidden RV. x ,
52 , 4.
mlukta        see %{a4pa-
mlukta}.
sUryA-bhinimlukta        mfn.
id. Gobh.
.
sUryA-bhinimrukta        mfn.
one upon whom (while
sleeping) the
sun has set TBr.

abhinimruc        %{-mro4cati}
(said of the
sun) to set upon
anybody who is sleeping or has
not finished his work TS. TBr.
Ka1t2h.
abhinimrukta        mfn. upon
whom while not doing any work
or while sleeping the
sun has
set
TBr. ; (wrongly written %
{abhi-nir-mukta}) Mn.ii , 221
and BhP

zazAGka  `" hare-marked "' ,
the moon MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; %{
-
kAnta
} mfn. lovely as the
mñmoon
Jain. ;

zazi-zekhara        m. id. ib.
Katha1s. Inscr. ; N. of a Buddha
L. ; of one of the
Jaina pontiffs
W.
bhini-mluc
Lokbindus ā Purva: Three
parts
of universe including
heavens and hells,
mathematics, etc.
bhINI        f. N. of one of the
Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda
MBh. (B. %{bhItI}).

zazaviSANAya        Nom. A1. %
{-yate} , to resemble a hñhare's
horn , to be an impossibility
Sarvad.
zazaviSANa        n. a hñhare's
horn (a term for an
impossibility) Bhartr2. Katha1s.
zazin        m. `" containing a
hare "' , the moon S3vetUp.
MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; N. of the
number one VarBr2S. ;
camphor Hcat. ; a kind of metre
Col. ; N. of a man Katha1s. ;
the emblem of a partic. Arhat
or Jina W.
; (%{inI}) f. N. of the
8th Kala1 of the moon
abhinandana        n. delighting
L. ; praising , applauding L. ;
wish , desire L. ; (%{as}) m. N.
of the fourth Jaina Arhat of the
present Avasarpin2i1.

sUry-Abhinimlukta
.zazibindu        w.r. for %{zaza-
b-} R.

Posible first Arhat to find
Moksa in the Indus valley,
bindu is thought to be the
root of Sindu.
vAsavadiz        f. `" Indra's
quarter "' , the east Katha1s.
kSudrANDa        m. `" born
from minute eggs "' , in comp.
%{
-matsyasaMghAta} m.
small fry L.
dinANDa        n. `" day-egg "'
(i.e. daybreak- veil or -cover)
, darkness L
saMjJAna        mf(%{I})n.
producing harmony AitBr. ;
(%{I}) f. a ceremony for
producing unanimity TS.
A1s3vS3r. ; n. unanimity ,
harmony with (loc. or instr.)
RV. AV. VS. TS. ;
consciousness S3Br. AitUp.
BhP. ; right conception
Pratijn5a1s. ; perception (=
%{saM-jJA}) Buddh.
saMjJananA        (?) f.
consciousness ib.
pran-aSTa-jJAnika        mfn.
one whose knowledge or
memory is destroyed Sus3r.
Adi-jina        m. N. of
R2ishabha Jain. L.
ArSabhi        m. a
descendant of R2ishabha
Ti1rtha-kr2it ; N. of the first
Cakra-vartin in Bha1rata L.
vRSabhAsuravidhvaMsin       
 m. `" slayer of the Asura

Vr2ishabha
"'N. of Vishn2u
Pan5car.
vyagra; being in motion (as a wheel) BhP.
vyaGga        1 mf(%{A})n. (for 2. see col. 3) without limbs , limbless , deficient
in limb , deformed , crippled AV. Mn. MBh. &c. ;
having no wheels BhP.
vRtta        mfn. turned , set in motion (as a wheel) RV. ;
vijaGgha        mfn. having no legs i.e. wheels (said of a chariot) MBh. ;
Rshabha had no Agga because he was the first.
vyAla  
    ; N. of the number `" eight "' Gan2it. ;  mfn.  a tiger L.(prob. connected with %{vyADa} q.v.) mischievous , wicked ,
vicious AV. Ka1v. Katha1s. ;
prodigal , extravagant L.
abhi
vyAdAna        n. `" swallowing "' i.e. suppressing (a vowel) RPra1t.
kra
vyAda        mf(%{A})n. (Pa1n2. 3-2 , 69 Ka1s3.) consuming flesh or corpses (as Agni) MBh. i , 932 Gr2ihya1s. i , 11
Tithya1d. ;
havyadAti        (%{havya4}.) mfn. conveying or presenting oblations (to the gods ; said of Agni) RV. ; f. sacrificial gift ,
oblation ib.
Svastika-madhyakrti

madhyadeza        m. middle region ,
middle space , the central or middle
part of anything S3rS. ; (=
%{madhyaM@nabhasaH}) , the
meridian MBh. ; the middle of the body
, waist MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; the trunk of
the body , belly , abdomen ib. ; the
midland country (lying between the
Hima7layas on the north , the Vindhya
mountains on the south , Vinas3ana
on the west , Praya1ga on the east ,
and comprising the modern provinces
of Allahabad , Agra , Delhi , Oude &c.)
Mn. MBh. (cf. IW. 226 n. 1) ; mfn.
belonging to or living in the midland
country , of mñmidland origin MBh. ; m.
pl. the inhabitants of the mñmidland
cñcountry Cat.

gRhIta        mfn. (%{grah} , but see %{gRbhAya}) grasped , taken , seized , caught , held , laid hold of
guNa        m. ( %{grah} Un2.) a single thread or strand of a cord or twine (e.g. %{tri-g-} q.v.) , string or thread ; an attribute of the 5
elements (each of which has its own peculiar quality or qualities as well as organ of sense
gauNa        mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{guNa4}) , relating to a quality MBh. xii , 13138 f.
gauNika        1 mf(%{I})n. relating to the three qualities (of %{sattva} , %{rajas} and %{tamas}) Mn. xii , 41
guNa-gaNa        m. a number or series of good qualities BhP. v , 3 , 11 ; %{-vat} mfn. endowed with a number of good qualities Bha1m. i
, 19.
gaN        cl. 10. P. %{gaNayati} (ep. also A1. %{-te}: aor. %{ajIgaNat} [Katha1s. lxxviii] or %{ajag-} Pa1n2. 7-4 , 97 [343,1] ; ind. p. %
{gaNayya} BhP. [with %{a-} neg. , iv , 7 , 15]) , to count , number , enumerate , sum up , add up , reckon , take into account MBh. R. &c.

Guṇa is both a root and a word in Sanskrit language. Its different context-driven meanings are derived from either the root or the word.
In verse VI.36 of Nirukta by Yāska, a 1st millennium BC text on Sanskrit grammar and language that preceded Panini, Guṇa is declared
to be derived from another root
Gaṇa,
ghaTa        m. a jar , pitcher , jug , large earthen water-jar , watering-pot Mn. ; the sign Aquarius VarBr2S. ; an elephant's frontal sinus L.
; a border L. ; (= %{kumbha4}) suspending the breath as a religious exercise L.  
(gan2as %{arza-Adi} , %{sidhmA7di} and %{picchA7di})
effort , endeavour L. ;
an assembly L. ; a number , collection , assemblage BhP. iii , 17 , 6 Kpr. vii , 11/12 ;

At the bottom of this page the fish in the mouth of a crocodile (graha) as domestic.
dig-vyAghAraNa        n. sprinkling of the quarters of the sky Pa1rGr2. iii , 8 , 9 ,
Rishabha is Manjusri
pUrvajina        m. `" ancient sage "'N. of Man5ju-s3ri1 L.
daNDA-jinika        mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{daNDA7jina}) carrying a staff and skin (as mere outward signs of religion) m. cheat , rogue , hypocrite Pa1n2. 5-2 , 76.
zArdUlavAhana        m. `" riding on a tiger "'N. of Man5ju-s3ri1 L.
daNDin        mfn. (Pa1n2. 5-2 , 115 Ka1s3.) carrying a stick S3Br. xiii Ka1tyS3r. S3a1n3khS3r. Mn. &c. ; m. a Bra1hman in the 4th stage of his life (= %{Tri-})
Ka1lid. ; N. of an order of ascetics founded by S3am2kara7ca1rya W. ; a door-keeper , policeman Nal. iv , 25 Ka1d. i , 225 ; an oarsman W. ; Yama Ka1m. ii , 36 ;

Man5ju-s3ri1
L. ; (g. %{naDA7di}) N. of a son of Dhr2itit-ra1sht2ra MBh. i , 2738 ; of a door-keeper of the Sun R. vii , 23 , 2 , 9 and 11 ; of the author of Das3.
Ka1vya7d. and some 3rd work ; Artemisia Abrotanum L. ; pl. N. of a family Pravar. ii , 2 , 2.
sira-cakra
sthiracakra        m. N. of Man5ju-s3ri1 ib.
garteza        m. `" master of a cave "'N. of Man5ju-s3ri1 Buddh.
vAdirAj        m. `" king among disputants , an excellent disputant Pan5cat. ; a Bauddha sage (also N. of Man5ju-ghosha or Man5ju-s3ri1) L.
Scholars have identified
Mañjuśrī
as the oldest and
most significant bodhisattva in
Mahāyāna literature prajñā
(transcendent wisdom). The
Lotus Sutra assigns him a
pure land called Vimala, which
according to the Avatamsaka
Sutra is located in the East.  
His consort in some traditions
is Saraswati.The
Mañjusrimulakalpa, which later
came to classified under
Kriyatantra, states that
mantras taught in the
Saiva,
Garuda and Vaisnava tantras
will be effective if applied by
Buddhists since they were all
taught
originally by
Manjushri.
Samghajjana is Samyagjjana
samyag-jJAna        n. rñright knowledge (see
%{ratna-traya}) ;
ajjana female
ajj turns to agg
aGgana
       n. ( %{aGg} q.v.) , the act of walking
L. ; place to walk in , yard , court , area ; (%{A}) f.
`" a woman with well-rounded limbs "' , any
woman or female ; (in astron.) Virgo ; the
female
elephant of the north.

aGganAgaNa        
m. a number of women.
aGganAjana        m. a female person.
aGganApriya        m. `" dear to women "'N. of the
tree
Jonesia Asoca.
aGgada
       m. N. of a brother of Ra1ma ; of a
son of Gada ; of an ape , son of Ba1lin ; (%{A}) f.
the
female elephant of the south , (%{am}) n.
a bracelet worn on the upper arm.
aGguli finger tips and elephant tip of trunk
aJjali        m. the two hollowed hands put together
aJjali        m. ( %{aJj}) , the open hands placed
side by side and slightly hollowed (as if by a
beggar to receive food ; hence when raised to
the forehead , a mark of supplication) , reverence
, salutation , benediction ; a libation to the Manes
(two hands full of water , %{udakA7Jjali}) VP. &c.
; a measure of corn , sufficient to fill both hands
when placed side by side , equal to a kud2ava.
Samgh-ajjana
saMha        (prob. = %{saM-gha}) in comp. ;
%{-tala} m. the two hands joined with the open
palms brought together L. (cf. %{saMhata-} and
%{saMgha-t}) ; %{-tApana} m. N. of a
serpent-demon MBh.
ratnatraya        n. `" jñjewels-triad "' , the three
jñjewels or excellent things (with Buddhists , viz.
%{buddha} , %{dharma} and
%{saMgha} ; or
with Jainas , viz. %{samyag-darzana} ,
%{sñsaMgha-jJAna} and %{samyak-cAritra}
saMghacArin        mfn. going in flocks or shoals
, gregarious MBh. R. ; m. a fish L.
cArin        mfn. moving MBh.
cAritra        m. (%{car} cf. %{zAmitra}) `" moving
"'N. of a Marut Hariv. 11547 ; n. (= %{car-})
proceeding , manner of acting , conduct R. iii , iv
Pan5cat. (ifc. f. %{A}) ; good conduct , good
character , reputation Hariv. 10204 Nal. R. &c. (`"
life in accordance with the 5 great vows "' Jain.) ;
jJAnadarpaNa        m. `" mirror of knowledge "' ,
Man5jus3ri L.
samyag-darzana
darzana        mf(%{I})n. showing. Pa1n2. 5-2 , 6 ;
ifc. seeing , looking at showing (cf. %{danta-})
Bhartr2. ii , 26 Dhu1rtas. i , 35/11 a
mirror L. ; =
%{
dharma} L. ;

Vana-prastha

The backwards look, like a
Vanaprastha looking back
on his life as a Grihstha.
jJAnapravAda        m. `" lecture on
knowledge "'N. of one of the 14
Pu1rvas (or lost Jaina canon).
Following were the fourteen Purvas containing various descriptions and details:

Utpaad Pūrva: Living (Jiv), non-living (Ajiv), and its modes (Paryäya)
Agrayaniya Purva: Nine realities (Navtattva), six substances (Shad-dravya), etc.
Viryapravada Purva: Relating to energy of soul, non-living, etc.
Asti Nasti Pravada Purva: Multiplicity of views (Anekāntvād), Saptabhangi, etc.
Jnana Prāvada Pūrva: Five types of knowledge and three types of ignorance, etc.
Satya Pravada Purva: Relating to truth, restraint, silence (Maun), speech, etc.
Atma pavada Purva: Analysis of soul from different view points (naya)
Karma Pravada Pūrva: Theory of karma, its bondage, influx, its nature, fruition, shedding
Pratyakhyana Purva: Giving up (Pachchhakhän), restraint, vows, detachment, etc.
Vidyā Pravāda Purva: Expertise (vidyä), exceptional abilities, practice
Kalyana Pravada Purva: Spiritual alertness (Apramäd) and laziness (Pramäd)
Prana Pravada Purva: Ten types of life substances or vitalities (Prän), life span, etc.
Kriyā Visala Purva: Skills, 64 arts of women, 84 arts of men, etc.
Lokbindus ā Purva: Three parts of universe including heavens and hells, mathematics, etc.

The Fourteen Purvas, translated as ancient or prior knowledge, are a large body of Jain
scriptures that was preached by all Tirthankaras (omniscient teachers) of Jainism
encompassing the entire gamut of knowledge available in this universe. The persons having the
knowledge of purvas were given an exalted status of Shrutakevali or "scripturally omniscient
persons". Both the Jain traditions, Svetambara and Digambara hold that all the fourteen purvas
have been lost.[1] According to tradition, the Purvas were part of canonical literature and
deposited in the third section of Drstivada (the twelfth and last canon)

Name        Direction        Mantra        Weapon        Consort        Graha (Planet)        Guardian Mātṛkā
Kubera        North        Oṃ Śaṃ Kuberāya Namaḥ        Gada (mace)        Kauberi        Budha (Mercury)        Kaumari
Yama        South        Oṃ Maṃ Yamāya Namaḥ        Daṇḍa (staff)        Yami        Maṅgala (Mars)        Varahi
Indra        East        Oṃ Laṃ Indrāya Namaḥ        Vajra (thunderbolt)        Śacī        Surya (Sun)        Aindri
Varuṇa        West        Oṃ Vaṃ Varuṇāya Namaḥ        Pāśa (noose)        Nalani        Śani (Saturn)        Varuni
Īśāna        Northeast        Oṃ Haṃ Īśānāya Namaḥ        Triśūla (trident)        Pārvatī        Brahspati (Jupiter)        Māheśvarī
Agni        Southeast        Oṃ Raṃ Agnaye Namaḥ        Śhula (spear)        Svāhā        Śukra (Venus)        Meṣavāhinī
Vāyu        Northwest        Oṃ Yaṃ Vāyave Namaḥ        Ankusha (goad)        Bhāratī        Candra (Moon)        Mṛgavāhinī
Nirṛti (       Southwest        Oṃ Kṣaṃ Rakṣasāya Namaḥ        Khaḍga (sword)        Khadgini        Rāhu (North Lunar Node)        Khaḍgadhāriṇī
Brahmā        Zenith        Oṃ Hriṃ Brahmaṇe Namaḥ        Padma (lotus)        Sarasvatī        Ketu (South Lunar Node)        Brahmani
Viṣṇu        Nadir        Oṃ Kliṃ Viṣṇave Namaḥ        Chakra (discus)        Lakṣmī        Lagna        Vaiṣṇavī
The west is the last
death, setting the
last Purvas is
Lokbindus ā Purva
a is not as not east
mátsya-saṃghāta =Samgha
[ matsyasaMghAta ]m. a shoal of young fry or small fish cf. L.
Schooling and shoaling is a kind of collective animal behaviour by fish. Any group of fish that stay together for social reasons is said
to be shoaling, and if the shoal is swimming in the same direction together, it is schooling.
ghaTa        mfn. intently occupied or busy with (loc.) Pa1n2. 5-2 , 35 ; = %{ghaTA@yasyA7sti} g. %{arza-Adi} ; m. a jar , pitcher , jug ,
large earthen water-jar , watering-pot Mn. viii , xi Ya1jn5. iii , 144 Amr2itUp. MBh. &c. ; the
sign Aquarius VarBr2S. ;; a troop (of
elephants) assembled for martial purposes Ma1lati1m. v , 19 VarBr2S. xliii S3is3. i , 64 Katha1s. Ra1jat. mfn.
(%{ghaT}) `" working on "' see %{danta-} ;; n. management of an elephant Gal. ;
ratnasaMghAta        m. a number or collection of jewels ; %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. made or consisting of a number of jńjewels MBh.
saMghAta; (in gram.) a compound as a compact whole (opp. to its single parts) Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 56 ; a vowel with its
consonant (opp. to %{varNa}
, `" a letter "') , Ka1t2y. ; N. of a division of the infernal regions (cf. %{saMhAta}) Ya1jn5. Buddh. ;
Aquarius was the winter Solstice Prior to 2300 BC. the start of the year.
from Sam-bhara
saMnibarhaNa        n. the act of
overthrowing or subduing Ka1m.
sambhinna        mfn. completely
broken or divided &c. ; interrupted ,
abandoned (see
%{-vRtta}) ;;
%{-maryAda} mfn. one who has broken
through barriers or bounds MBh.
samAvRtta        mfn. turned back ,
returned (esp. as described above)
Mn. MBh. &c. ; approached , come
from (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c. ;
completed , finished MBh. i , 3256 ;

%{-vrata} mfn. one who has
completed a religious vow MBh.

;sambhedya
       mfn. to be broken
through or pierced or perforated
Sarasv. ; to be brought into contact
(see %{a-s-}).
sambhagna        mfn. broken to
pieces , shattered , dispersed , routed
, defeated MBh. ; baffled , frustrated
ib. ; m. N. of S3iva ib. (accord. to
Ni1lak. fr. %{sambhaj}
Siva is from
Sam-bhara
samAvRtta
%{-vrata} mfn. one
who has completed
a religious vow MBh.
The Noble Mahayana Sangháta Sutra
Dharma-paryáya
The Blessed One spoke thus to him:
“Sarva-shúra, there is a dharma-paryáya
called
Sangháta
that even now is still active on this planet
earth. Whoever hears this
Sangháta
dharma-paryáya will have their
five
uninterrupted karmas purified, and they
will never turn away from unsurpassed,
perfect and complete enlightenment.
Sarva-shúra, what do you think about
this? If you think that those who hear this
Sangháta
sutra will produce as much as the mass of
merit of one tathágata, you should not see
it like that.”
Agga becomes Agni
aGga   
     2 n. ( %{am} Un2.) , a limb of the body ; a limb ,
member ; the body ; a subordinate division or department ,
especially of a science , as the six Veda1n3gas ; hence the
number six ;
N. of the chief sacred texts of the Jainas ;
Devanagariśa
śa
/ɕ, ʃ/        
ūṣman/saṃghaṣhrī
(Fricative)
aghoṣa of the mahāprāṇa

Arishtamemi arista-nemi

nimba
       m. the Nimb or Neemb tree , Azadirachta Indica (its fruit is bitter and
its leaves are chewed at funeral ceremonies) Gobh. Var. Sus3r. Ka1v. (also
%{-ka}).
ariSTa        mf(%{A}) n. unhurt RV. &c. ; proof against injury or damage RV. ;
secure , safe RV. ; boding misfortune (as birds of ill omen , &c.) , Adbh Br. Hariv.
; fatal , disastrous (as a house) R. ii , 42 , 22 ; m. a heron L. ; a crow L. ; the
soapberry tree , Sapindus Detergens Roxb. (the fruits of which are used in
washing Ya1jn5. i 186) ; cf. %{arI@STaka} ; Azadirachta Indica R. ii , 94 , 9 ;
garlic L. ; a distilled mixture , a kind of liquor Sus3r. ; N. of an Asura (with the
shape of an ox , son of Bali , slain by Kr2ishn2a or Vishn2u) Hariv. BhP. ; of a
son of Manu Vaivasvata VP. (v.l. for %{deSTa}) ; ill-luck , misfortune (see
%{ariSTa} n.) MBh. xii , 6573 , (%{A}) , f. a bandage Sus3r. ; a medical plant L. ;
N. of Durga1 SkandaP. ; N. of a daughter of Daksha and one of the wives of
Kas3yapa Hariv. ; (%{am}) n. bad or ill-luck. misfortune ; a natural phenomenon
boding approaching death ; good fortune , happiness MBh. iv , 2126 , buttermilk
L. ; vinous spirit L. ; a woman's apartment , the lying-in chamber (cf.
%{ariSTagriha} and %{-zayyA} below) L.
nemi        f. ( %{nam}) the felly of a wheel (also %{-mI} L.) , any circumference
or edge or rim (ifc. `" encircled "' or `" surrounded by "') RV. &c. &c. ; a windlass
or framework for the rope of a well (also %{-mI}) L. ; a thunderbolt L. ; the
foundation of a wall Gal. (cf. %{ne7ma}) ; m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis L. ; N. of a
Daitya BhP. ; of a Cakra-vartin Buddh. (cf. %{nimi}) ; of 22nd
Arhat of present
Ut-sarpin2i L.
197        (cap)    
    nemi        f. the circumference of a wheel; rim, edge i.g.
198        Tamil        
nEmi        02 1. circle; 2. wheel of a chariot; 3. discus; 4.
wheel of sovereignty; 5. mythical range of mountains; 6. earth; 7. sea, ocean; 8.
ring; 9. cakra bird; 10. vis2n2u, as wielding the discus; 11. an
arhat, one of 24
tirttan3karar , q.v.

naimba        mfn. relating to or coming from the Nimba tree (Azadirachta Indica)
Var.
10        nAthabhadraka        m. Costus Speciosus or Arabicus L. ; Azadirachta
Indica L.
netR        mfn. leading , guiding , one who leads or will lead RV. x , 26 , 5 ; m.
bringer , offerer (with acc. ; cf. Pa1n2. 2-3 , 69) MBh. ; (%{netR4}) m. leader ,
guide , conductor (with gen. or ifc.) RV. &c. &c. ; (with %{daNDasya}) `"
rod-applier "' , inflicter of punishment Mn. vii , 25 (cf. %{daNDa-n-}) ; the leader
or chief of an army Var. ; N. of Vishn2u RTL.106 n. ; the hero of a drama (=
%{nAyaka}) Das3ar. Sa1h. ; a master , owner W. ; the numeral 2 MW. (cf.
%{netra}) ; Azadirachta Indica L. ; (%{netrI4}) f. a female leader (with gen. or
ifc.) RV. TS. MBh. &c. ; a river L. ; a vein L. ; N. of Lakshmi L.
nibandha        m. binding on , tying , fastening R. ; chain , fetter , bondage
MBh. BhP. ; attachment to , intentness on L. ; basis , root , origin MBh. ii. 2532 ;
a grant of property , an assignment of cattle or money Ya1jn5. i. 317 ; fixed
property ib. ii. 121 ; restraint , obstruction L. ; constipation or suppression of
urine Sus3r. (v.l. for %{vi-b-}) ; any literary composition or work Cat. ; N. of a
partic. wk. ib. ; Azadirachta Indica L. ; n. song , singing L. ; %{-candro7daya}
and %{-tattvadIpa} m. N. of wks. ; %{-dAna} n. grant of property , assignment or
gift of a corrody MW. ; %{-nava-nIta} m. or n. N. of wk. [550,2] ; %{-rAja} m. N. of
an author Cat. ; %{-vivRti-yojanA} f. %{-ziromaNy-ukta-nirNaya} m. pl. ,
%{-saMgraha} m. %{-sarvasva} n. %{-sAra} m. N. of wks.
nimba        m. the Nimb or Neemb tree , Azadirachta Indica (its fruit is bitter and
its leaves are chewed at funeral ceremonies) Gobh. Var. Sus3r. Ka1v. (also
%{-ka}).
14        paJcanimba        n. sg. the 5 products (viz. the flowers , fruit , leaves ,
bark , and root) of the Azadirachta Indica L.
15        pakvakRt        mfn. cooking , maturing , dressing food ; m. Azadirachta
Indica L.
16        pAribadraka        m. Erythrina Fulgens MBh. Sus3r. ; Azadirachta Indica
L. ; pl. N. of a family MBh. ; n. = next L.
17        pAribhadraka        m. Erythrina Fulgens Indica Ba1lar. Sus3r. ;
Azadirachta Indica L. ; Pinus Deodora or Longifolia L. ; N. of a son of
Yajn5a-ba1hu BhP. ; n. N. of a Varsha in S3a1lmala-dvi1pa ruled by
Pa1ribhadra ib.
picumanda        or m. the Nimb tree , Azadirachta Indica L.
picumarda        m. the Nimb tree , Azadirachta Indica L.
pItasAraka        m. Alangium Hexapetalum L. ; Azadirachta Indica L.
pittasAraka        m. Azadirachta Indica L.
prabhadra        n. Azadirachta Indica L. ; (%{A}) f. Paederia Foetida L.
pUyAri        m. `" hostile to suppuration "' , the Nimb tree , Azadirachta Indica
(the leaves of which are used to produce dispersion or absorption of pñpurulent
matter) L.
sarvatobhadra        mfn. in evñevery dirñdirection or on evñevery , side good ,
it evñevery way auspicious &c. BhP. Pan5car. ; m. a temple of a square form
and having an entrance opposite to evñevery point of the compass ib. ; a form
of military array Ka1m. ; a square mystical diagram (painted on a cloth , and
used on partic. occasions to cover a sort of altar erected to Visln2u ; but cf.
below) W. ; an artificial stanza in which each half Pa1da read backwards is
identical with the other half (e.g. Kir. xv , 25 S3is3. xix , 40 ; also n. Kpr.) ; a kind
of riddle or charade (in which each syllable of a word has a separate meaning?)
Ka1v. ; the car L. ; N. of a mountain BhP. ; of a forest MW. ;
Azadirachta Indica
L. ; a bamboo ib. ; a kind of perfume VarBr2S. ; (%{A}) f. the tree Gmelina
Arborea Bhpr. ; a sort of Dioscorea L. ; an actress ib. ; (%{am}) n. a building
having continuous galleries around VarBr2S. ; a mystical diagram of a square
shape but enclosing a circle (employed for astrological purposes or on special
occasions to foretell good orbad fortune ; perhaps identical with the above) Cat.
; a partic. mode of sitting ib. ; N. of a garden of the gods BhP. ; (m. or n. ?) N. of
various works ; %{-cakra} n. a partic. diagram (see above) Cat. ; N. of various
wks. ; %{kra-vyAkhyAna} n. N. of wk. [1189,2] ; %{-devatA-sthApana-prayoga}
m. %{-prayoga} m. %{-phala-vicAra} , m. %{-maNDala} n. %{-maNDala-krama}
m. %{-maNDala-devatA-mantra} , m. pl. , %{-maNDalA7dikArikA} f. %{-lakSaNa}
n. %{-liGgato-bhadra} , %{-homa} , %{-bhadrA7di-cakrA7vali} f. N. of wks.
subhadra        (%{su4-}) mf(%{A})n. very glorious or splendid or auspicious or
fortunate RV. MBh. BhP. ; m. Azadirachta Indica L. ; N. of Vishn2u L. ; (prob.) of
Sanat-kuma1ra Pan5car. ; of a son of Vasu-deva BhP. ; of a son of Kr2ishn2a
ib. ; of a son of Idhmajihva ib. ; of the last man converted by Gautama Buddha
SaddhP. ; of a scholar , Jain ; of a mountain Pan5car. ; (%{A}) f. N. of various
well-known plants (e.g. Ichnocarpus Frutescens ; Curcuma Zedoaria ; Prosopis
Spicigera &c.) L. ; (in music) a partic. S3ruti Sam2gi1t. ; a form of
Durga1 Hcat.
; N. of a younger sister of Kr2ishn2a and wife of Arjuna (she was forcibly carried
off by Arjuna from
Dva1raka1 wish Kr2ishn2a's permission , as described in
MBh. i , ch. 219 ; 220 ; her image is borne in procession with those of
Jaganna1tha and Bala-ra1ma) MBh. Hariv. &c. ; of a wife of Durgama Ma1rkP. ;
of a daughter of Balin and wife of Avi7kshita ib. ; of a grand daughter of Rukmin
and wife of Aniruddha VP. ; of a daughter of the Asura Su-ma1ya Katha1s. ; of a
mythical cow MBh. ; of a poetess Cat. ; n. fortune , welfare BhP. ; N. of a
Catvara (q.v.) MBh. ; of a Varsha in Plakshadvipa ruled by Su-bhadra BhP. ;
(%{-drA}) %{-dhanaMjaya} and %{-pariNaya}N. of two Na1t2akas ; %{-pUrvaja}
m. `" elder brother of Subhadra1 "'N. of Kr2ishn2a Pan5car. ; %{-vijaya}N. of a
Na1t2aka ; %{-haraNa} n. `" the carrying off of Subhadra1 "'N. of a section in the
MBh. (cf. above) and of other poems ; %{-dre7za} m. `" lord of SñSubhadra1
"'N. of Arjuna L.
sumanas        mfn. good-minded , well-disposed , benevolent , gracious ,
favourable , pleasant , agreeable RV. AV. Gobh. Kat2hUp. ; well pleased ,
satisfied , cheerful , easy , comfortable RV. &c. &c. ; wise , intelligent Ka1v.
Katha1s. m. a god S3is3. S3a1rn3gP. (cf. %{-manokasa} below) ; a good or
wise man L. ; N. of various plants (accord. to L. `" wheat , a kind of Karan5ja ,
Azadirachta Indica , Guilandina Bonduc "') Sus3r. ; N. of a Da1nava Hariv. ; of
a son of Uru and A1gneyi1 ib. ; of a son of Ulmuka BhP. ; of a son of Hary-as3va
VP. ; of various other men MBh. Hariv. Katha1s. ; (pl.) N. of a partic. class of
gods under the 12th Manu Pur. ; f. (pl. or in comp.) flowers Mn. MBh. &c. ;
great-flowering jasmine L. ; N. of the wife of Madhu and mother of Vira-vrata
BhP. ; of various other women Katha1s. ; n. a flower S3atr.
abhi-nandana        n. delighting L. ; praising ,
applauding L. ; wish , desire L. ; (%{as}) m. N.
of the
fourth Jaina Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1.

nandi  ; (with Jainas) a class of sacred writings (m.
or f. ?) MWB. 533.

nandIzvara        ; N. of a place held sacred by the
Jainas S3atr. ;

bhRGgAnandA        f. `" bee-joy "' , Jasminum
Auriculatum L.
bhRgunandana        m. `" son of
BhñBhr2igu-tun3ga "' , the planet Venus L. ; patr. of
S3aunaka MBh. ; of Ruru ib. ; of Paras3u-ra1ma
MBh. Uttarar.
kuntI-nandana        m.
either of the three elder
Pa1n2d2ava princes.
nandi  ; (with Jainas) a
class of sacred
writings (m. or f. ?) MWB.
533.
The Parkers Tissa coin to the left found in
Ceylon thus Dravidian bears a striking similarity
to the coins of the Kuninda of the Jamuna, Beas,
Sultaj, the prior Indus Valley. The common
denominator here as with the Sangha coins
above is Jainism.
Rshabha attained Nirvana on
the summit of Mount Kailasa
in Tibet thus Bhadra his
mother was Meru.
V-rishabha-svamin is Rshabha who starts (father) a social systems within the two deferent
language groups of India one Indoeuropean the other Dravidian.


draviDa m. N. of a people (regarded as degraded Kshatriyas and said to be "' descendants of
Dravid2a , sons of Vr2ishabha-sva1min S3atr.)
and of a district on the east coast of the Deccan Mn. Var. MBh. &c. ; collect. N. for 5 peoples ,
viz. the A1ndhras , Karn2a1t2akas , Gurjaras ,
Tailan3gas , and Maha1ra1sht2ras (cf. %{dAviDa} below) ; N. of a son of Krishn2a BhP. ; of an
author Cat. ; pl. of a school of grammarians ib. ;
(%{I}) f. (with %{strI}) a Dravidian female Cat. ; (in music) N. of a Ra1gin2i1.

drAviDa mf(%{I})n. Dra1vidian , a Dra1vida MBh. Ra1jat. &c. ; m. pl. the DñDra1vida people
MBh. R. Pur. ; also collect. N. for the above 5
peoples , and of the 5 chief DñDra1vida languages , Tamil , Telugu , Kanarese , Malaya1lam
and Tulu ; m. sg. a patr. fr. Dravid2a S3atr. ; N. of
a Sch. on the Amara-kos3a Col. ; a partic. number L. ; Curcunia Zedoaria or a kindred plant
Bhpr. ; (%{I}) f. a Dravidian woman Vcar. ; small
cardamoms Bhpr.

Dravida is an Indoeuropean word, the prefix Dra is common in Sanskrit and does not exist in the
Drividian lexicon.
drA        2 cl. 2. P. %{drA4ti} (Impv. %{drA4tu} , %{drA4ntu} RV. AV. ; pf %{dadrur} , p. A1.
%{dadrANa4} RV. [501,3] ; aor. %{adrAsIt} ; Subj. %{drAsat} ib.) , to run , make haste: Caus.
%{drApayati} (Desid. of Caus. %{di4drApayiSati}) S3Br. ; aor. %{adidrapat} Siddh.: Intens.
%{da4ridrAti} TS. ; 3 pl. %{daridrati} Hit. ; to run hither and thither ; to be in need or poor: Desid.
of Intens. %{didaridrAsati} and %{didaridriSati} Pa1n2. 6-1 , 14 Va1rtt. 2 Pat. [Cf. 2. %{dru} and
%{dram} ; Gk. $ , $.] &155419[501 ,3]
Possible scene of Kuntha
cakravartin looking apon those
before him, the scene is a part of
his legend, the goat is his symbol.
vRti        1 f. (for 2. see
col. 3) surrounding.
covering W. ; a hedge ,
fence , an enclosed
piece of ground or place
enclosed
vRtimArga        m. a
fenced road L.
vaTa        m. (perhaps
Pra1kr2it for %{vRta} , `"

surrounded , covered
"'
vArttAka        m. (rarely
%{I} , f. ; prob. fr.
%{vRtta} ,
varta        m. (fr. %{vRt})
subsistence ,
livelihood L.
The Srivatsa (below) inside the Triratna in
Jainism  ratnatraya (triple gems of Jainism) —
the right faith (Samyak Darshana), right
knowledge (Samyak Gyana) and right conduct
(Samyak Charitra) — constitutes the path to
liberation. These are known as the triple gems
(or jewels) of Jainism and hence also known as
Ratnatraya. These three are essential for the
soul to move up spiritually.  Acharya Umaswami
has written in Tattvārthasūtra that
Tattvarthasraddhanam Samyak-
darshanam (1-2),[1] which means
"Belief in substances ascertained as
they are is right faith.

ajJAna        n. non-cognizance ; ignorance , (in
philosophy) spiritual ignorance (or a power
which , consisting of the three Gun2as %
{sattva} , %{rajas} , and %{tamas} , and
preventing the soul from realizing its identity with
Brahma , causes self to appear a distinct
personality , and matter to appear a reality) ;
Prakr2iti , Ma1ya1 , Illusion ; (mfn.) , ignorant ,
unwise ; (%{At}) ind. unawares , ignorantly.
To the right the
Srivatsa inside the
Triratna in Jainism  
ratnatraya (triple
gems of Jainism) —
the right faith
(Samyak Darshana),
right knowledge
(Samyak Gyana) and
right conduct
(Samyak Charitra) —
constitutes the
path to liberation.
These are known
as the triple gems (or
jewels) of
Jainism and hence
also known as
Ratnatraya. These
three are
essential for the soul
to move up
spiritually.  Acharya
Umaswami has
written in
Tattvārthasūtra that
Tattvarthasraddhanam
Samyak-
darshanam (1-2),[1]
which means
"Belief in substances
ascertained as
they are is right faith.
Samghajjana
Ajjanavati female elephant of
north-east
Pundarika male elephant of
south-east and Agni as Agga.
The tenth Arat Shitala (“Coolness”), the shrivatsa
symbol, golden;

Netr ; Azadirachta Indica L. ; (%{netrI4}) f. a female leader (with gen. or
ifc.) RV. TS. MBh. &c. ; a river L. ; a vein L. ; N. of Lakshmi L.

kunti        %{ayas} m. pl.N. of a people Ka1t2h. Pa1n2. 4-1 , 176 MBh. &c. ;
(%{is}) m. a prince of that people (also called Kunti-bhoja) Hariv. &c. ; N. of a
son of Dharma
-netra VP. ; of a son of Netra and grandson of Dharma BhP.
ix , 23 , 21 ff. ; of a son of Kratha BhP. ix , 24 , 3 VP. ; of a son of Vidarbha
and father of Dhr2isht2a Hariv. ; of a son of Supa1rs3va and grandson of
Sampati and great-grandson of Garud2a Ma1rkP. ;

netra        m. a leader , guide (with gen. R. [B.] iii , 66 , 10 ; mostly ifc. e.g. %
{tvaM-netra} , `" having you for guide "' MBh. ii , 2486 [f. %{A} ib. ix , 222] ; cf.
Pa1n2. 5-4 , 116 Va1rtt. 2 , 3 Pat.) AitUp. MBh. BhP. ; N. of a son of Dharma
and father of
Kunti1 BhP.
vRttajJa        mfn. Knowing actions or established
practices W.
vrtt a fence to vrata with both hand vratajjana
similar to Vrttajja established knower. ajjala two
hands female turns to aggauli.
aGguli        %{is} , (or %{aGgulI}) f. a finger ; a toe
; the thumb ; the great toe ; the
finger-like tip of
an
elephant's trunk ; the measure an3gula.
Samgh-aJjana-vati for vrata vrtta a fence and ajjana ignorance.
Outer ring or rim
just like
nandavrata
The Sanskrit word arhat (Pāḷi arahant)
is a present participle coming from the
verbal root √arh "to deserve",[9] cf.
arha "meriting, deserving";
arhaṇa
"having a claim, being entitled"; arhita
(past participle) "honoured,
worshipped".[10] The word is used in
the Ṛgveda with this sense of
"deserving".[11]

A common folk etymology derives the
word from ari (enemy) and hanta from
the root √han (cf: Hunter) "to strike, to
kill"; hence the translation "foe-
destroyer". Professor Richard
Gombrich has argued that the present
participle is "jarring" and seems out of
place when there is an adjective from
the same root (arha). Since Jains used
two Prakrit forms of the word arahanta
and arihanta, the folk etymology may
well be the correct etymology.
Gombrich argues that this stems from
the same metaphor as the Jain title jina
"conqueror", whence jaina "related to
the conqueror", i.e. Jainism
khaDgin        mfn. armed with a sword
MBh. R. BhP. ; (%{I}) m. S3iva MBh. xiii , 1157
; a rhinoceros R. i , 26 , 14 Sus3r. i , 46 , 88
and 97 Ka1d. ; N. o
f Man5jus3ri1 (cf.
%{khadga} , `" a Pratyeka-buddha "') L.
paJcacIra        m. a Buddh. saint also named
Man5jus3i1 (the teacher of Buddhism in
Nepal MWB. 202 n. 1) W.
paJcAGgabhArata        (prob.) n. the history
of S3iva-ra1ja or S3iva-ji (A.D. 1627-1680) by
Kavindra Cat. ; (%{-tI}) m. N. of the author of
the
Siddha7nta-man5ju1sha1 ib.
prajJAkAya        m. N. of Man5ju-s3ri Buddh.
maJjupaTTana        or n. N. of a town built by
Man5ju-s3ri1 Buddh.

maJjupattana      
  n. N. of a town built by
Man5ju-s3ri1 Buddh.
khaDgin        mfn. armed with a sword MBh. R. BhP. ; (%{I}) m. S3iva
MBh. xiii , 1157 ; a rhinoceros R. i , 26 , 14 Sus3r. i , 46 , 88 and 97
Ka1d. ; N. of
Man5jus3ri1 (cf. %{khadga} , `" a Pratyeka-buddha "') L.

pUrvajina        m. `" ancient sage "'N. of Man5ju-s3ri1 L.

The Purvas is the third Kanda of
the Drasthavada.
nIla        mf(%{A} or %{I} ; cf. Pa1n2. 4-1 , 42 Va1rtt. Va1m. v , 2 , 48)n. of a dark colour , (esp.)
dñdark-blue or dñdark-green or black RV. &c. &c. ;; N. of
Man5jus3ri1 L. ; of a Na1ga MBh. Ra1jat. ;
nIlotpala        n. a blue lotus , Nymphaea Cyanea MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; %{-gandha} m. a partic. Sama1dhi
Ka1ran2d2. ; %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. formed or consisting of blue lotuses MBh. R. &c. ; %{-lin} m. n. of
Man5ju-s3ri1 L. ; (%{I}) f. a pond with blue water-lilies L
jJAnadarpaNa        m. `" mirror of knowledge "' , Man5jus3ri L.

             
  aSTA-ra        mfn. having eight spokes Nr2isUp. ; (%{aSTA7ra})        
         having a wheel with eight spokes "' , a N. of
Man5jus3ri Buddh.
               aSTadiz        %{-zas} f. pl. the eight cardinal points of the compass collectively L.
Pisces - Aquarius
Aquarius (ghata) was the winter
Solstice Prior to 2300 BC. the
start of the year.

dhRt mfn. holding , bearing
,
supporting , wearing ,
having
possessing , &c. (only ifc.)  

dhRSTa mfn. bold , daring ,
confident ,
audacious , impudent RV.
AV.  

dhRSTabuddhi m. `"
bold-minded "'N.
of a man Cat.

Dravida
Dra-veda
Dra + asta + veda
Dra
stivada Sutra:

The twelfth Ang-agam
Drastivad is
considered lost by all Jain
Sects. The
description, which is found in
the other
Jain Sutras relating to
Drashtivada,
indicates that this Ang-agam
was the
largest of all Agam Sutras. It
was
classified in five parts;

(l) Parikarma (2) Sutra (3)
Purvagata
(4) Pratham-anuyoga and (5)
Chulika.

The third part, Purvagata
contained 14
purvas. They contain the Jain
religion's
endless treasure of
knowledge on
every subject. Some scholars
believe
that it was so named, the
knowledge,
which existed before Lord
Mahavira
was called 'Purva'.

dRSTivAda m. N. of the 12th
An3ga of
the Jainas.
dRSTa mfn. seen , looked at ,
beheld ,
perceived , noticed Mn. MBh.
Ka1v.
&c.  

dRSTArtha mfn. having the
aim or
object apparent , obvious ,
practical
(opp. to %{a-d-} ,
transcendental)
S3am2k. serving for a pattern
or
standard Gaut. ; knowing the
matter or
the real nature of anything R.
Ra1jat. ;
%{-tattvajJa} mfn. knowing the
true ,
state or circumstances of the
case
MW.  


Drastivada Sutra:

The twelfth Ang-agam Drastivad is
considered lost by all Jain Sects. The
description, which is found in the other
Jain Sutras relating to Drashtivada,
indicates that this Ang-agam was the
largest of all Agam Sutras. It was
classified in five parts;

(l) Parikarma (2) Sutra (3) Purvagata
(4) Pratham-anuyoga and (5) Chulika.

The third part, Purvagata contained 14
purvas. They contain the Jain religion's
endless treasure of knowledge on
every subject. Some scholars believe
that it was so named, the knowledge,
which existed before Lord Mahavira
was called 'Purva'.

dRSTivAda m. N. of the 12th An3ga of
the Jainas.
dRSTa mfn. seen , looked at , beheld ,
perceived , noticed Mn. MBh. Ka1v.
&c.  

dRSTArtha mfn. having the aim or
object apparent , obvious , practical
(opp. to %{a-d-} , transcendental)
S3am2k. serving for a pattern or
standard Gaut. ; knowing the matter or
the real nature of anything R. Ra1jat. ;
%{-tattvajJa} mfn. knowing the true ,
state or circumstances of the case
MW.  
pRSThadRSTi        m. `" looking backwards "'  L

pr for purvas- stha for asta - drsti for dRSTivAda

Below and through out the Indus
civilization seals depict  a Tiger
looking backwards.
Purvas-asta
pRSTha        n. (prob. fr. %{pra-stha} , `" standing
forth prominently "' ; ifc. f. %{A}) the back (as the
prominent part of an animal) , the hinder part or
rear of anything RV.

Matsya is Pisces
Ghata is Aquarius
[ matsya-saM-ghAta ]m. a shoal of young fry
or small fish cf. L.
ṣa
ष् is described as retroflex,
fricative, ūṣma (warm)
/
saṃghaṣhrī (equal rub), aghoṣa
(sort of silent), mahaprana (long
unless shortened). it is not a
simple 'sh' like in 'wish'.

ŪṢMA/
SAṂGHAṢHRĪ
(FRICATIVE)
aghosa(voiceless)     
 śa   /ɕ, ʃ/

  ṣa     /ʂ/

 sa    /s/
śa "aghoṣa" (voiceless) and
gha "ghoṣa" (voiced) are
mahāprāṇa
(aspirated)
घ    gha  /ɡʱ/
To the right a three
sided Indus Valley
artifact, with two
processions of
animals both have a
flying crocodile for
graha Householder.
Ratnatrya may be like the
Tri-guna in that Sunrise east
and Sunset the west are
counted as one of the three.
Sattva – Day, clarity
Rajas – Sunrise and Sunset, twilight,
transition
Tamas – Night, darkness

Sattva – White, purity and harmony
Rajas – Red, action and passion
Tamas – Black, darkness and delusion

Sattva – heaven or space, the region
of peace
Rajas – atmosphere, the region of
storms
Tamas – earth, the realm of gravity
and inertia

Guṇa is both a root and a word in
Sanskrit language. Its different context-
driven meanings are derived from
either the root or the word. In verse VI.
36 of Nirukta by Yāska, a 1st
millennium BC text on Sanskrit
grammar and language that preceded
Panini, Guṇa is declared to be derived
from another root
Gaṇa,

Lokbindus ā Purva: Three parts of
universe including heavens and hells,
mathematics, etc.
Grih-asta
Vana-asta
Samya-asin
Purvas Agga
Tri Kanda
Above a first
century coin
with the same
Agga as a
rectangle with
12 inside
squares nine
leafs above and
ratnataya next
to it.
Five Swastika's in a row, same as the Indus seal
below. The Buddhist got their symbols from Jainism
,
Buddhism 600 BC, Indus ends 1200 BC.
Under the four swastika's their is a
Ratnatra or Triratna with four arms as
the above image.
Above coin
northern India
post Indus.
The two
Swastikas above
Indus valley , coin
to right Dravidian.
ajJAna        n. non-cognizance ;
ignorance , (in philosophy) spiritual
ignorance (or a power which ,
consisting of the
three Gun2as
%{sattva} , %{rajas} , and %{tamas} ,

and preventing the soul from realizing
its identity with Brahma , causes self to
appear a distinct personality , and
matter to appear a reality) ; Prakr2iti ,
Ma1ya1 , Illusion ; (mfn.) , ignorant ,
unwise ; (%{At}) ind. unawares ,
ignorantly.

kSudr
ANDa        m. `" born
from minute eggs "' , in comp.
%{
-matsyasaMghAta} m.
small fry L.
din
ANDa        n. `" day-egg "'
(i.e. daybreak- veil or -cover)
, darkness L
The seal implies the country of
Virata, the word from
Raja-
varta.
Mr. Bal Patil
The point to be noted is that there is a
consistent tradition found in the Jaina
religious literature and also in Hindu
puranas from earliest times in invoking
Rishabha Deva as Rudra or Shiva.
The following stanza in Shiva Puranas
brings out clearly this association
meaning : Rishabhadeva,Jaineshwara,
the emniscient and the all pervasive
incarnated himself on the magnificent
Kailasa, Asthapada mountain.
aJjana-vati without
Samgha and five
lines.