Hinduism is a religion and a philosophy. Among the various schools of Hindu philosophy, Samkhya, Yoga and Mimamsa while not
rejecting either the Vedas or the Brahman , typically reject a personal God, creator God, or a God with attributes. While Samkhya
and Yoga rejected the idea of an eternal, self-caused, creator God, Mim-amsa argued that the Vedas could not have been authored
by a deity.In Indian philosophy, three schools of thought are commonly referred to as nastika for rejecting the doctrine of Vedas:
Jainism, Buddhism and Cārvāka.

The first to bring in this concept into India on major scale was Rishabha founder of Jainism, it has always been an accepted part of
the broader horizon of Hinduism.  The Indus Valley seals reflect Jainism they were the very early Ghandvara singers. The blood line
and Caste system were not in place then as society was not too that stage, reflecting Rishabha in his time he brought in the "Age Of
Action". Rishabha, Mallinatha, Parzunatha, were all a part of the highest blood line of India yet all Jains are Vaishya (Baniya) this
reflects that Jainism was prior to the caste system.   He as the first Jain and the founder of Hamsa and a/an-Hamsa, violence and
non-violence the first vow of Jainism.

Purva-mim-hamsa,    nir-īśvara-vāda, became Asuric as Sura is the 33 gods and Sukra the teacher of the Asura's. Digambara
monks carry pichi, a broom made up of fallen peacock (Zukragga) feathers (for clearing the place before walking or sitting) and
kamandala, a water gourd. Sukracharya enters Bali’s water container (Kamandala) in a microscopic form and blocks the water from
flowing from the vessel’s sprout, why does Bali have a kamandala in hand?

In a twist of the Vamana avatar the Jain's have Vamana as a Jain that goes to the Hindu Rajah and takes the three worlds this the
second time the world is exchanged between Hindu and Jain.




e-kAkSa mfn. (fr. 1. %{akSa} with %{eka}) , having only one axle BhP. iv , 26 , 1. 2.
e-kAkSa mfn. (fr. %{akSi} with %{eka}) , one-eyed VarYogay. ; having an excellent eye L. ;

Having one eye said of Manasa and Jaratkarna
e-kAkSa-ra n. the sole imperishable thing AV. v , 28 , 8 ; a single syllable Subh. ; a monosyllabic word VS.
S3Br. RPra1t. &c. ; the sacred monosyllable %{om} Mn. ii , 83 MBh. &c. ;  

e-kAkSa-rIbhAva m. `" the becoming one syllable "' , contraction of two syllables into one RPra1t.

indu-kakSA f. the radiating circle all round the moon.

kakSa-dhara m. the part of the body where the upper arm is connected with the
shoulder , the
shoulder-joint
Sus3r.

kakSa-ka m. N. of a Naga MBh.  

kakSastha mfn. situated on the side , seated on the heap or flank.

hema-kakSa m. a golden girdle Va1s. ; mf(%{A})n. having gñgolden walls R. ; = next MBh.
hiraNya-kakSa (MBh. R.) or (TA1r. As3vS3r.) , mfn. wearing a gñgolden girdle.

malli-kAkSa  ; a kind of goose Sus3r. ;

adhy-aMsa mfn. being on the shoulder A1s3vGr2.  
aMsa m. the shoulder , shoulder-blade ; corner of a quadrangle ; N. of a king ; (%{au}) m. du. the two
shoulders or angles of an altar ; a share (for %{aMza}) ; [cf. Goth. {amsa} ; Gk. $ , $ ; Lat. {humerus} ,
&124[1 ,2] {ansa}.]

aMsabhAra or m. a burden on the shoulder , (g. %{bhastrA7di} q.v.)
aMsabhArika mf(%{I})n. or bearing a burden on the shoulder ib.
26 aMsadaghna mf(%{A4})n. up to the shoulder S3Br.
27 aMsadhrI f. a cooking vessel AV.
28 aMsakUTa m. the shoulder ; a bull's hump , the protuberance between an ox's shoulders.
HamsakUTa "swan's peak" Name of a mountain peak of the Himalaya MBh. Hariv.
Hamsakuta the hump onthe shoulder of the Indian ox L.
Ox and axle axsis as kaksa and Navel Nabha father of Rishabha.

30 aMsaphalaka n. shoulderblade S3Br. Sus3r.
31 aMsapRSTha n. back of the shoulder.
32 aMsatra (%{a4Msa-}) n. armour to protect the shoulder RV. ;
dviraMsaka mfn. 2-shouldered L.

ekahaMsa m. `" the only destroyer of ignorance "' [S3am2kara on S3vetUp. vi , 15 ; cf. %{haMsa}] , the
Supreme Soul S3Br. xiv ; (%{am}) n. `" inhabited by a solitary or unique swan "'N. of a Ti1rtha MBh. iii.

Tocharian word for shoulder "Homsos"
Latin :                                    Humerus
Gothic                                   Ams
Grk.                                      omos
Arminain                               Us
Hittite    hip                            An(as)sa
Tocharian B                           Antse

Latin word Axes,
'axes, Axle', ala 'shoulder', axilla 'armpit'
OE eax 'axle, axis',  eaxl 'shoulder'
Lithuanian asis 'axle, axis',
OCS osi 'axle, axis',
Grk akson 'axle, axis',
Av asi- Shoulder',
Skt aksa- 'axle, axis',
Sanskrit kaksa- 'armpit, loins',
Av kasa- 'armpit'                                     
Tocharian B kakse 'loins'.
OHG hahsa 'back of knee',
Latin anas 'duck'
Lithuanian antis
Greek nessa
Sanskrit hamsa 'goose'
Latin anser
Lithuanian Zansis
The H in Hamsa becomes G in Gamsa
German gans/Gans
Gothic gansus
Old Norse gas
Polish ges
Persian gaz
Below Ani axle pin and Anukarsa is the bottom of
the axle-tree of a carriage (Ani + aksa)
Amsa shoulder of carriage + ekaksa
Ekaksa became a cavity, hole. axle hole, axis.
Sanskrit kaks- armpit, lions,
Tocharian B Kakse lions
Av kasa-  armpit
OHG hahsa back of the knee
Sanskrit Ani axle pin and the leg above the knee
Rishabha as  Ikshva1ku and father of Vi-kukshi
R.    Kukshi is a cavity of the abdomen (in the
earlier language generally used in du. RV. VS. AV.)
; the sheath of a sword L.

ANi m. (cf. %{aNi}) the pin of the axle of a cart RV. i
, 35 , 6 ; 63 , 3 [`" battle "' Naigh. ii , 17] and v , 43 ,
8 ; the part of the leg just above the knee Sus3r. ;
(%{is}) mf. a linch-pin L. ; the corner of a house L. ;
a boundary L.  

anukarSa m. attraction , drawing ; invoking ,
summoning by incantation ; the bottom or the
axle-tree of a carriage , grammatical attraction
(including a subsequent in a preceding rule) ;
lagging behind in a ceremony , delayed
performance of a duty.  

kUTa n. the bone of the forehead with its
projections or prominences , horn RV. x , 102 , 4
AV. S3Br. AitBr. ; a kind of vessel or implement
Kaus3. 16 ; (%{as} , %{am}) m. n. any prominence
or projection (e.g.
%{aMsa-k-} , %{akSi-k-} , qq.
vv.) ; summit , peak or summit of a mountain MBh.
&c. ;

kUTakhaDga m. a hidden sword , sword-stick R. vi ,
80 , 4.

aMsakUTa m. the shoulder ; a bull's hump , the
protuberance between an ox's shoulders.

haMsakUTa m. `" swan's peak "'N. of one of the
peaks of the Hima7laya MBh. Hariv. ; the hump on
the shoulder of the Indian ox L.
1.Bharata, son of Tirthankara
Rishabhanatha
2.Sagara, ancestor of Bhagiratha as in
the Puranas
3.Maghava[4]
4.Sanatkumara
5.Tirthankara Shantinatha
6.Tirthankara Kunthunatha
7.Tirthankara Aranatha
8.Subhauma[5]
9.Padmanabha
10.Harishena
11.Jayasena
12.Brahmadatt
The six lines on the right the sixth chakravartin the cresent moon on the left the Arka sign for solar King Surya queen of
Hastinapuri lunar.

Kunthunath  sixth Chakravartin and twelfth Kamadeva of the present half time cycle, Avasarpini.[1][3] According to Jain
beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma. Kunthunatha was born to King Sura
(Surya)[1] and Queen Sridevi at Hastinapur[2] in the Ikshvaku dynasty on the fourteenth day of the Vaishakh Krishna
month of the Indian calendar.
RSabha-deva m. N. of a
Ti1rtham2-kara or Arhat
(Jain.)
The Mesopotamian called the country Milluha.  

The family of Ugra is said to have intermarried with other Gotra's  at a certain point they had five constellations  %{pUrva-phAlgunI} , %{pUrvA7SADhA} , %{pUrva-bhAdrapadA} , %{maghA} ,
%{bharaNI}) ;

Ugrakheri a village in Panipat of Haryana thier Jat or Gotra was Malik
Malik Malik (मलिक)  or Malak (मलक)/(मालक) is gotra of Jats found in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. MALIK is one of the biggest gotras in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh with more than 760 villages.
Malik Jats are mostly found in Distt. Muzaffarnagar in Western Uttar Pradesh. In Muzaffarnagar area there are 52 villages of this Gotra. This area is known as Gathwala-Khap. Malik Jats are
found in Afghanistan also.[3]

Malika a garland-maker Ka1v Pan5cat. a painter
Tamil  Malik Proprietor, owner , master 2. lord, king

There are number of Gotras including Gathwala`s who write Malik as there surname; prominent among them are: 1. Bangar, 2. Bhedi, 3. Dhabdal, 4. Jadiya/Jaria, 5. Kunwar, 6.Lal Malik, 7.
Sangad 8. Somwal 9. Tiwana
Origin

Ugra are probably originated from Rishi Ugraka (
उग्रक). [1]

Ugrak (उग्रक) is a gotra of Nagavanshi Jats. [
ugraka %{as} m. N. of a Na1ga MBh.  
ugra mfn. (said to be fr. %{uc} [Un2. ii , 29] , but probably fr. a %{uj} , or %{vaj} , fr. which also %{ojas} , %{vAja} , %{vajra} may be derived ; compar. %{ugratara} and %{o4jIyas} ; superl. %
{ugratama} and %{o4jiSTha}) , powerful , violent , mighty , impetuous , strong , huge , formidable , terrible ; high , noble ; cruel , fierce , ferocious , savage ; angry , passionate , wrathful ;
hot , sharp , pungent , acrid RV. AV. TS. R. S3ak. Ragh. &c. ; m. N. of Rudra or S3iva MBh. VP. ; of a particular Rudra BhP. ; N. of a mixed tribe (from a Kshatriya father and S3u1dra mother
; the Ugra , according to Manu x , 9 , is of cruel or rude [%{krUra}] conduct [%{AcAra}] and employment [%{vihAra}] , as killing or catching snakes &c. ; but according to the Tantras he is an
encomiast or bard) Mn. Ya1jn5. &c. ; a twice-born man who perpetrates dreadful deeds Comm. on A1p. i , 7 , 20 A1p. Gaut. ; the tree Hyperanthera Moringa L. ; N. of a Da1nava Hariv. ; a
son of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra MBh. ; the Guru of Narendra1ditya (who built a temple called Ugres3a) ; a group of asterisms (viz. %{pUrva-phAlgunI} , %{pUrvA7SADhA} , %{pUrva-bhAdrapadA} ,
%{maghA} , %{bharaNI}) ; N. of the Malabar country ; (%{A}) f. N. of different plants , Artemisia Sternutatoria , Coriandrum Sativum , &c. ; (%{I4}) f. a being belonging to the class of demons
AV. iv , 24 , 2 ; (%{am}) n. a particular poison , the root of Aconitum Ferox ; wrath , anger ; [cf. Zd. {ughra}: Gk. $ , $ , Lat. &53966[172 ,2] {augeo} &c.: Goth. {auka} , `" I increase "' ; Lith. {ug-
is} , `" growth , increase "' ; {aug-u} , `" I grow "' , &c.]
Rsabha-deva above a deified horned
bharatazArdUla m. the noblest (lit. `"
tiger "') of the BhñBharata-varsha
MBh.  %{bhArata-dv-dvipa} VP. ii , 3 ,
7) ;Indra-dvipa , Kaseru1-mat ,
Ta1mra-varn2a , Gabhasti-mat ,
Na1ga-dvipa , Saumya , Ga1ndharva ,
Varun2a and Bha1rata , which are
enumerated VP. ii , 3 , 6 ; 7 , as forming
Bha1rata-varsha]
uttaMsaya Nom. P.
%{uttaMsayati} , to adorn with
a crest Ven2is.  
13 vaitaMsika m. (fr.
%{vi-taMsa} , or %{vI-t-}) a
bird-catcher MBh. ; a butcher L.
; n. the act of ensnaring or
entrapping , catching insidiously
MBh. (cf. %{dyUta-vait-} ,
%{dharma-vait-}).  
14 vataMsa m. (ifc. f. %{A}) =
%{ava-taMsa} , a garland ,
ring-shaped ornament , crest
(also %{-saka}) Ka1v.
Chandom.  
15 vataMsita mfn. =
%{ava-taMsita} Harav.  
16 vI 6 in comp.= 3. %{vi} (in
%{vI-kAza} , %{-cayana} ,
%{-taMsa} , %{-nAha} ,
%{-barha} , %{-mArga} ,
%{-rudh} , %{-vadha} ,
%{-vAha} , %{-vidha} ,
%{-vRta} , %{-sarpa} ,
%{-hAra} , qq.vv.)  
17 vitaMsa m. ( %{taMs}) any
net or chain or apparatus for
catching and confining beasts
and birds L. (cf. %{vI-t-} ;
%{ava-t-} and %{ut-taMsa}).  
18 vitasta mfn. (said to be fr.
%{taMs} , or %{tas}) =
%{upa-kSINa} Nir. iii , 21 Sch.
; (%{A}) f. see below ;
%{-datta} m. (for %{vitastA-d-}
cf. Pa1n2. 4-3 , 63) N. of a
merchant Katha1s. ;
%{-tA7dri} m. N. of a mountain
Ra1jat.